Back after an extremely long break..


Assalaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh,

SubhaanAllaah it’s been almost 5 years since I have updated this blog. A lot has happened in these 5 years alhamdulillaah and my intention now is to get this blog back up and running in shaa Allaah.

Updates may be weekly or fortnightly but in shaa Allaah (I hope) there will be continuous updates. (I need to re-familiarize myself with WordPress so the first post may take a little time).

To those still subscribed, jazaakumullaahu khayran – in shaa Allaah please do spread the word as I wish that my notes have benefit to others.

BaarakAllaahu feekum jamee’an

“O You Who Believe…” #8

The eighth time in which yaa ayyuha alladheena aamanuuO you who believe comes in the Qur’aan is in Surat Al Baqarah, verse 264.


O you who believe, do not invalidate your charities with reminders or injury as does one who spends his wealth [only] to be seen by the people and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day. His example is like that of a [large] smooth stone upon which is dust and is hit by a downpour that leaves it bare. They are unable [to keep] anything of what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 264]


To Remind about Given Charity is Forbidden

Allah praises those who spend from their money in His cause, and then refrain from reminding those who received the charity of that fact, whether these hints take the form of words or actions.

Allah’s statement,

﴿وَلاَ أَذًى﴾

(or with injury), indicates that they do not cause harm to those whom they gave the charity to, for this harm will only annul the charity. Allah next promised them the best rewards for this good deed,

﴿لَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ﴾

(their reward is with their Lord), indicating that Allah Himself will reward them for these righteous actions. Further,


﴿وَلاَ خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ﴾

(On them shall be no fear) regarding the horrors of the Day of Resurrection,

﴿وَلاَ هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ﴾

(nor shall they grieve) regarding the offspring that they leave behind and the adornment and delights of this world. They will not feel sorry for this, because they will acquire what is far better for them.

Allah then said,

﴿قَوْلٌ مَّعْرُوفٌ﴾

(Kind words) meaning, compassionate words and a supplication for Muslims,



(and forgiving) meaning, forgiving an injustice that took the form of actions or words,

﴿خَيْرٌ مِّن صَدَقَةٍ يَتْبَعُهَآ أَذًى﴾

(are better than Sadaqah (charity) followed by injury.)

﴿وَاللَّهُ غَنِىٌّ﴾

(And Allah is Rich) not needing His creation,



(Most Forbearing) forgives, releases and pardons them.


There are several Hadiths that prohibit reminding people of acts of charity. For instance, Muslim recorded that Abu Dharr said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«ثَلَاثَةٌ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَلَا يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِم، وَلَا يُزَكِّيهِمْ، وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ: الْمَنَّانُ بِمَا أَعْطَى، وَالْمُسْبِلُ إِزَارَهُ، وَالْمُنَفِّقُ سِلْعَتَهُ بِالْحَلِفِ الْكَاذِب»

(Three persons whom Allah shall neither speak to on the Day of Resurrection nor look at nor purify, and they shall receive a painful torment: he who reminds (the people) of what he gives away, he who lengthens his clothes below the ankles and he who swears an oath while lying, to sell his merchandise.)

This is why Allah said,


﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تُبْطِلُواْ صَدَقَـتِكُم بِالْمَنِّ وَالاٌّذَى﴾

(O you who believe! Do not render in vain your Sadaqah (charity) by reminders of your generosity or by injury) stating that the charity will be rendered in vain if it is followed by harm or reminders. In this case, the reward of giving away charity is not sufficient enough to nullify the harm and reminders. Allah then said,

﴿كَالَّذِى يُنفِقُ مَالَهُ رِئَآءَ النَّاسِ﴾

(like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men) meaning, “Do not nullify your acts of charity by following them with reminders and harm, just like the charity of those who give it to show off to people.” The boasting person pretends to give away charity for Allah’s sake, but in reality seeks to gain people’s praise and the reputation of being kind or generous, or other material gains of this life. All the while, he does not think about Allah or gaining His pleasure and generous rewards, and this is why Allah said,

﴿وَلاَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الاٌّخِرِ﴾

(and he does not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day.)

Allah next set the example of whoever gives charity to show off. Ad-Dahhak commented that the example fits one who follows his acts of charity with reminders or harm. Allah said,

﴿فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ صَفْوَانٍ﴾

(His likeness is the likeness of Safwan) where Safwan, from is Safwanah, meaning `the smooth rocks,’


﴿عَلَيْهِ تُرَابٌ فَأَصَابَهُ وَابِلٌ﴾

(on which is little dust; on it falls a Wabil) meaning, heavy rain,


﴿فَتَرَكَهُ صَلْدًا﴾

(which leaves it bare.) This Ayah means that heavy rain left the Safwan completely barren of dust. Such is the case with Allah’s action regarding the work of those who show off, as their deeds are bound to vanish and disappear, even though people think that these deeds are as plentiful as specks of dust. So Allah said,

﴿لاَّ يَقْدِرُونَ عَلَى شَىْءٍ مِّمَّا كَسَبُواْ وَاللَّهُ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَـفِرِينَ﴾

(They are not able to do anything with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.)

Taken from Tafseer Ibn Katheer

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #2 (Part 1)


Tafseer of the Qur’aan

Class 2



Clearing up some issues from last week:-

  • Wahee can be in the form of Qur’aan and Hadeeth. That’s why hadeeth is considered to be a type of wahee.
  • Different ways of wahee:
    • Without an intermediary – two ways of this occurring.
      • Dreams – no Qur’aan was revealed in this way.
      • Speaking directly to Rasuulillaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) e.g. during Al Israa wal Mi’raaj. No Qur’aan revealed in this way. However, there are some reports which say that the last few verses of Surat Al Baqarah were revealed during this journey. However, many scholars say that these narrations are weak.
    • With an intermediary (through Jibreel) – three ways of this occurring (the last one being an understanding of the first).
      • The ringing of a bell – very severe and harsh for the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam).
      • Jibreel used to come in the form of a human being and the Prophet would memorise what Jibreel would say. Difference of opinion amongst the scholars – did the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) receive revelation in this way? I.e. was is Qur’aan or was it hadeeth?
      • The third type mentioned last week is not considered a type, rather it is considered to be apart of the first category.


How the Qur’aan Came Down in One Go.


1. Verily! We have sent it (this Qur’aan) down on the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)

Laylat ul-Qadr is usually translated as “The Night of Power” – this translation is very weak. Some say this night is referred to as Laylat ul-Qadr as this is the night in which the future (or the fate) of what will happen in the coming year is sent down to the angels to enact upon and to fulfil the decree of Allaah.

Others say Al Qadr – literally in the Arabic language is something of status. So it is referred to as “The Night of Nobility/The Noble Night”. This was the night in which the Qur’aan was revealed. How was it revealed? We said from Al Lawh Al Mahfuudh to Bayt Al ‘Izza, which is in the lowest heaven (i.e. the sky of the dunya).

Wisdom of this: to inform the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) of this revelation about to be sent down to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), to honour the book, to honour the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and to honour the Ummah.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Saalih (‘alayhis-salaam)

Prophet Saalih (‘alayhis salaam)

15:80 And certainly did the companions of Thamūd deny the messengers.

15:81 And We gave them Our signs, but from them they were turning away.

15:82 And they used to carve from the mountains, houses, feeling secure.


 The people of Thamuud felt secure and safe from the punishment of Allaah and that these buildings will never be destroyed.

7:99 Then did they feel secure from the plan of Allaah? But no one feels secure from the plan of Allaah except the losing people.

Saalih (‘alayhis salaam) tells them,

26:146 Will you be left in what is here, secure [from death],

26:147 Within gardens and springs

26:148 And fields of crops and palm trees with softened fruit?

26:149 And you carve out of the mountains, homes, with skill.

They were great in construction. They carved out these houses in the mountains and then they would build palaces on the valleys.

But they were corrupt and Saalih’s message to them was:

7:74 And remember when He made you successors after the ‘Aad and settled you in the land, [and] you take for yourselves palaces from its plains and carve from the mountains, homes. Then remember the favors of Allaah and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.”

He was a strong, young and intelligent man. He was from a noble family, high class of society; they were preparing him to be their leader.

Saalih presented his people with the Message of Islaam. They then replied,

11:62 They said, “O Saalih, you were among us a man of promise before this. Do you forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? And indeed we are, about that to which you invite us, in disquieting doubt.”

When it comes to religion, Shaytaan tells people not to change, to stick to what they know and what their fathers have passed down onto them.

2:170 And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allaah has revealed,” they say, “Rather, we will follow that which we found our fathers doing.” Even though their fathers understood nothing, nor were they guided?

And then the people of Thamuud accused Saalih of magic,

26:153 They said, “You are only of those affected by magic.

26:154 You are but a man like ourselves, so bring a sign, if you should be of the truthful.”

Concerning the sign, the people of Thamuud were given a choice, a choice not given to any other nation.

Saalih asked them what they wanted and they said, “From this rock here, we want you to produce out of it a camel.”

Saalih asked Allaah for this and the miracle was performed. A huge she-camel came out. Saalih said to them, “This is the camel you asked for. You can drink from your water one day but the next day you have to allow the water for the camel.”

26:155 He said, “This is a she-camel. For her is a [time of] drink, and for you is a [time of] drink, [each] on a known day.

26:156 And do not touch her with harm, lest you be seized by the punishment of a terrible day.”

There were some conspiracies occurring, there were a group of 9 men from the people of Thamuud who were planning to hurt and kill the camel.

27:48 And there were in the city nine family heads causing corruption in the land and not amending [its affairs].

When they got near to the camel, they hesitated due to its size. But one of them, the most evil from them, took his sword and hit the front legs of the camel. The camel fell down. Then they attacked it with their swords and killed it.

91:11 Thamūd denied [their prophet] by reason of their transgression,

91:12 When the most wretched of them was sent forth.

91:13 And the messenger of Allaah [Şaalih] said to them, “[Do not harm] the she-camel of Allaah or [prevent her from] her drink.”

91:14 But they denied him and hamstrung her. So their Lord brought down upon them destruction for their sin and made it equal [upon all of them].

91:15 And He does not fear the consequence thereof.

They challenged Saalih, saying bring us the punishment that you promised.

7:77 So they hamstrung the she-camel and were insolent toward the command of their Lord and said, “O Saalih, bring us what you promise us, if you should be of the messengers.”

They went back and conspired at night to kill Saalih and his family, and planned to lie about doing so.

27:49 They said, “Take a mutual oath by Allaah that we will kill him by night, he and his family. Then we will say to his executor, ‘We did not witness the destruction of his family, and indeed, we are truthful.’ ”

Saalih came out and told his people, “You have three days to enjoy yourselves. This is a promise that will not be belied.”

The third came and passed and nothing happened. They joked and claimed that Saalih was a liar. They went to bed feeling secure, and in the morning.

15:83 But the shriek seized them at early morning.

The Earth under them shook. Allaah destroyed these people with sound.

11:67 And the shriek seized those who had wronged, and they became within their homes [corpses] fallen prone

11:68 As if they had never prospered therein. Unquestionably, Thamūd denied their Lord; then, away with Thamūd.

It was as if nobody was living in Thamuud.

27:50 And they planned a plan, and We planned a plan, while they perceived not.

These 9 men met in secret, but Allaah was listening to them – they tried to hide their plan from Allaah, but this cannot happen. Allaah was planning too, but His plan was hidden from them.

27:51 Then look how was the outcome of their plan – that We destroyed them and their people, all.

All of Thamuud was destroyed even though only 9 men were conspiring. This is because they knew of what has going on and they failed to stop it.

47:12 Indeed, Allaah will admit those who have believed and done righteous deeds to gardens beneath which rivers flow, but those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as grazing livestock eat, and the Fire will be a residence for them.

When they were completely destroyed, Saalih and his followers were saved by Allaah. After Thamuud was destroyed, Saalih came back to a ghost town and he spoke to the dead bodies.

7:93 And he turned away from them and said, “O my people, I had certainly conveyed to you the messages of my Lord and advised you, so how could I grieve for a disbelieving people?”

Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was travelling with an army, and they passed by the ruins of Thamuud.

Some of the Sahaaba (radiAllaahu ‘anhum) went in and took some water from the wells of Thamuud and made some bread from the water and flour that they had. And Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Take the bread and feed it to the camels and throw away all the water that you brought. And do not go in there except if you are going to cry.”

To be continued in shaa Allaah with the story of the next Prophet…

“O You Who Believe…” #7

The seventh time in which yaa ayyuha alladheena aamanuuO you who believe comes in the Qur’aan is in Surat Al Baqarah, verse 254.



O you who believe, spend from that which We have provided for you before there comes a Day in which there is no exchange and no friendship and no intercession. And the disbelievers – they are the wrongdoers.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 254]


Allah commands His servants to spend for His sake, in the path of righteousness, from what He has granted them, so that they acquire and keep the reward of this righteous deed with their Lord and King. Let them rush to perform this deed in this life,

﴿مِّن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِىَ يَوْمٌ﴾

(before a Day comes) meaning, the Day of Resurrection,

﴿لاَّ بَيْعٌ فِيهِ وَلاَ خُلَّةٌ وَلاَ شَفَـعَةٌ﴾

(when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession.)


This Ayah indicates that on that Day, no one will be able to bargain on behalf of himself or ransom himself with any amount, even if it was the earth’s fill of gold; nor will his friendship or relation to anyone benefit him. Similarly, Allah said,

﴿فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِى الصُّورِ فَلاَ أَنسَـبَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلاَ يَتَسَآءَلُونَ ﴾

(Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another) ﴿23:101﴾.

﴿وَلاَ شَفَـعَةٌ﴾

(Nor intercession) meaning, they will not benefit by the intercession of anyone.


Allah’s statement,

﴿وَالْكَـفِرُونَ هُمُ الظَّـلِمُونَ﴾

(and it is the disbelievers who are the wrongdoers) indicates that no injustice is worse than meeting Allah on that Day while a disbeliever. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Ata’ bin Dinar said, “All thanks are due to Allah Who said,

﴿وَالْكَـفِرُونَ هُمُ الظَّـلِمُونَ﴾

(and it is the disbelievers who are the wrongdoers) but did not say, `And it is the wrongdoers who are the disbelievers.”’



Taken from Tafseer Ibn Katheer

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Huud (‘alayhis-salaam) Part 2

Prophet Huud (‘alayhis salaam)

Part 2


46:22. they said: “Have you come to turn us away from our âliha (gods)? Then bring us that with which you threaten us, if You are one of the truthful!”


The people of ‘Aad were arrogant and proud because of their strength, power and ‘civilisation’.


We see this arrogance in many of the great civilisations that disbelieved in Allaah.


41:15. As for ‘Aad, they were arrogant in the land without right, and they said: “Who is mightier than us In strength?” see they not that Allaah, who created them was mightier In strength than them. And they used to deny Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.)!


Allaah was taking the people of ‘Aad through a test to remind them, He gave them chances and did not bring the punishment on them all at once.


Allaah made them go through a period of drought to remind them of their weakness as human beings, so that they may turn to Allaah in repentance.


But this wasn’t sufficient to turn their attention to the truth.


Huud made du’aa to Allaah.


His du’aa reached Allaah and dark clouds started approaching in the horizon.


46:24. Then, when they saw it as a dense cloud coming towards their valleys, they said: “This is a cloud bringing us rain!” Nay, but it is that (torment) which you were asking to be hastened! A wind wherein is a painful torment!

46:25. Destroying everything by the command of its Lord! So they became such that nothing could be seen except their dwellings! Thus do we recompense the people who are Mujrimeen (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, etc.)!



When Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would see clouds approaching Madeenah, his face would change. ‘Aaishah (radiAllaahu ‘anhaa) noticed his worried face. She said to him, “O Rasuulullaah, when people see the clouds they are happy, but you look anxious.” He replied, “A nation before us saw these clouds and thought that they had mercy, they didn’t know that it had the punishment of Allaah in them.”


41:16. so we sent upon them furious wind In days of evil omen (for them) that we might give them a taste of disgracing torment In This present worldly life, but surely the torment of the Hereafter will be more disgracing, and they will never be helped.


The wind Allaah sent on the people of ‘Aad, besieged them. It stayed with them for seven nights and eight days continuously.


69:7. which Allaah imposed on them for seven nights and Eight days In succession, so that You could see men lying overthrown (destroyed), as if they were hollow trunks of date-palms!

69:8. Do you see any remnants of them?


Allaah completely destroyed them because they were the most powerful.


Allaah saved Huud.


11:58. and when Our Commandment came, we saved Huud and those who believed with Him by a Mercy from us, and we saved them from a severe torment.

11:59. such were ‘Aad (people). They rejected the Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord and disobeyed his Messengers, and followed the command of every proud obstinate (oppressor of the truth, from their leaders).

11:60. and they were pursued by a Curse in This world and (so they will be) on the Day of Resurrection. No doubt! Verily, ‘Aad disbelieved in their Lord. So away with ‘Aad, the people of Huud.



To be continued with the story of the next Prophet…

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 7)

Revelation to the Messengers


Allaah to Messengers, through a waasitah [واسطة](intermediary – angel) and not through a waasitah.


  1. When there is no intermediary:
    1. Through dreams that would come true, this is a form of inspiration from Allaah. Hadeeth narrated by ‘Aaishah [radiAllaahu ‘anhaa] recorded in Bukhari and Muslim: “The first way the Prophet’s revelation began was through seeing good dreams that would come true and he would never see a dream except that it would come true like the day light would appear.” What is benefit of these dreams? To prepare him for what is to come.


A note to remember, none of the Qur’aan was revealed through dreams. Though he received inspirations through dreams, these revelations were not in the Qur’aan. There is some dispute amongst the scholars regarding this, because some scholars say Surat al Kawthar was revealed to Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in a dream. Hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim narrated by Anas bin Maalik (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) “One day we were with the prophet, he was with us in the mosque and he dozed off. Then he raised his head smiling, and then I asked ‘What made you laugh O RasuulAllaah? He said, ‘A Surah was just revealed to me, then he revealed Surat al Kawthar.”


Some say based on this hadeeth, the Surah was revealed in his dream. But we say no, the term used in hadeeth al ighfaa-a [الاغفاء] does not necessarily mean sleep, not necessarily a dream – rather it’s a form of slumber, but we can’t really say it’s a dream. Or it’s a special state he used to go in when he would receive revelation.


As we know, many Prophets of Allaah acted upon the dreams that they had, for example Prophet Ibrahim (‘alayhis salaam), the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) also acted upon dreams many times, e.g. the treaty of Hudaybiyyah – what led to this treaty? The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) seeing in a dream that he had shaved his head and he did ‘umrah. But how could he do this when the mushrikuun were occupying Makkah and he was in Madeenah? Despite this, he and some others went unarmed to Makkah in order to make ‘umrah.


**An important note to make**


We as humans don’t act upon our dreams; we don’t take any law from it. E.g. if someone in your dream says recite this surah 1 million times and propagate it to people. And tell people to do so and the khilaafah will be established – don’t act upon these dreams; we don’t base our law on these dreams.


    1. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would hear the words of Allaah from behind a veil, this also happened with Musa (‘alayhis salaam) 4:164.

4:164. And Messengers we have mentioned to you before, and Messengers we have not mentioned to you, – and to Musa (Moses) Allaah spoke directly.


This was also the case for the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) during the night journey. He spoke to Allaah directly but through a veil. However, none of the Qur’aan came in this form.


  1. When there isan intermediary. This used to happen in one of two ways:
    1. The most severe way: the revelation used to come in the form of a ringing bell. It was physically hard for Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) to bare this kind of revelation. The scholars differ about the noise of the ringing of the bell, where did it come from? Some scholars said that it was the wings of the angels striking one another; others say it was the voice of the angel itself. ‘Aaishah (radiAllaahu ‘anhaa) mentioned that this revelation used to be so hard on him that even on a cold day he would break a sweat. What’s the wisdom behind him receiving revelation this way? Going through this difficulty you will appreciate the revelation being taken in and given to you. Even when Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) first received revelation, what did Jibreel do? He squeezed him, to make him realise he was not dreaming. In a dream, you don’t go through physical pain. And to make it clear to him that this was a serious matter that was going to descend upon him.


In the Qur’aan in Surat Al Muzzammil, verse 5 the revelation is referred to as being “qawlun thaqeelah” The scholars interpret this word in both ways, heavy as in physically and heavy in terms of the importance.


Once Zayd bin Thaabit (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) mentioned, once Rasuulullaah was resting his head on his thigh, and he started to receive revelation – he felt his leg was about to break due to the pressure.


    1. The angel Jibreel came to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in the form of a man, and he will speak to him and he would teach him. Hadeeth Jibreel is a beautiful example of this.
    2. There is a third way which some scholars mention, an inspiration coming to his heart. Hadeeth: “Verily the Holy Spirit, he breathed into my soul. That no person will die until they complete their rizq and their lifespan.” – Many scholars disagreed saying in reality; this is another way of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) expressing it through the first method.



End of Class 1

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Huud (‘alayhis-salaam) Part 1

Prophet Huud (‘alayhis salaam)

Part 1


Allaah sent Huud (‘alayhis salaam) to the people of ‘Aad.


Allaah says that the people of ‘Aad lived in Al-Ahqaaf. This is mentioned in Surat Al-Ahqaaf. It means ‘Sand Dunes’. Its now a desert area in Yemen. They lived in the area of Hadanuut.


Allaah described the people of ‘Aad in the Qur’aan. They used to worship idols, “He has increased you amply in stature.”


7:69. “Do you wonder that there has come to you a Reminder (and an advice) from your Lord through a man from amongst you that He may warn you? And remember that He made you successors after the people of Nuuh (Noah), and increased you amply in stature. So Remember the graces (bestowed upon you) from Allaah, so that you may be successful.”


They were huge, tall and strong and well-built. As a society Allaah told them:


26:132. “And keep your duty to Him; fear Him who has aided you with all (good things) that you know.

26:133. “He has aided you with cattle and children.

26:134. “And Gardens and springs.





Allaah has said about them:

26:128. “Do you construct on every elevation a sign, amusing yourselves,

26:129. “And take for yourselves palaces and fortresses that you might abide eternally?

26:130. “And when you strike, you strike as tyrants.

26:131. “So fear Allaah and obey me.



They became so luxurious and so wealthy that were spending their money in a wasteful way. The people of ‘Aad had so much additional wealth they fell into the trap of using money for pride and arrogance after satisfying your basic needs.


They started building monuments over mountains, for pride, to show off. They built palaces so fine as if they thought they were going to live forever.


They were powerful tyrants, putting all this together Allaah said:

89:7 [With] Iram – who had lofty pillars,

89:8 The likes of whom had never been created in the land

Allaah did not create anyone similar to them.


Their society was unsurpassed by anyone in their time.


Allaah sent Huud to them. His Message was the same Message of Nuuh (‘alayhis salaam).



7:65. and to ‘Ad (people, we sent) their brother Huud. He said: “O My people! Worship Allaah! You have no other Ilaah (God) but Him. (Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah: none has the Right to be worshipped but Allaah). Will you not fear (Allaah)?”



11:52. “And O My people! Ask Forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimeen (criminals, disbelievers In the Oneness of Allaah).”

11:53. they said: “O Huud! No evidence have you brought us, and we shall not leave our gods for your (mere) saying! And we are not believers in you.

11:54. “All that we Say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness).” He said: “I call Allaah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which You ascribe as partners In worship, –



They started to accuse Huud of being insane.


If you refuse one Messenger, it is as if you refuse them all because they came with the same Message.


26:123. ‘Ad (people) denied the Messengers.


The leaders said:


7:66. The leaders of those who disbelieved among his people said: “Verily, we see you in foolishness, and Verily, we think you are one of the liars.”




23:33. And the chiefs of his people, who disbelieved and denied the Meeting In the Hereafter, and to whom we had given the luxuries and comforts of This life, said: “He is no more than a human being like you, he eats of that which you eat, and drinks of what you drink.

23:34. “If you were to obey a human being like yourselves, Then Verily! You indeed would be losers.

23:35. “Does he promise you that when you have died and have become dust and bones, you shall come out alive (resurrected)?

23:36. “Far, very far is that which you are promised.

23:37. “There is nothing but our life of this world! We die and we live! And we are not going to be resurrected!

23:38. “He is only a man who has invented a lie against Allaah, but we are not going to believe in him.”



To be contined in shaa Allaah…

Jannah in Islaam #4

The Rivers of Jannah


(Here is) A parable of the Garden which the righteous are promised. In it are rivers of water, incorruptible; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine, delicious to those who drink; and rivers of honey, pure and clear. In it there are for them all kinds of fruits and forgiveness from their Lord. Can those in such bliss be compared to such as shall dwell forever in the Fire? Those whom shall be given boiling water to drink, it will be so hot that it cuts up their bowels to pieces.”

[Surat Muhammad, 47:15]


“As for the righteous, they will be in the midst of gardens and rivers, in and assembly of truth, in the presence of a Sovereign Omnipotent.”

[Surat al-Qamar, 54: 54-55]


Verily, Allaah will admit those who believe and do righteous deeds to gardens beneath which rivers flow. While those who reject Allaah will enjoy (this world) and eat as cattle eat. The Fire will be their abode.”

[Surah Muhammad, 47: 12]


Abu Hurairah [radiAllaahu ‘anhu] reported that the Prophet [sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam] said: “The Saihaan, Jaihaan, Euphrates and Nile are all among the rivers of Jannah.”



Adapted from:

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 6)

The Concept of Revelation


In Arabic, revelation is called wahee (وحي). Linguistic meaning – when you speak to someone in a manner which no one else can hear. It also has the meaning, to show an ishaarah [إشارة] (indication) by a movement, usually considered to be a very quick movement. Therefore it has both meanings of quiet speech and quick movement. Has the connotations of khafaa [خفاء] (hiddenness) and sur‘ah [سرعة] (speed)


There are various different forms of wahee/ ilhaam [إلهام] (inspirations):


There is the natural inspiration that every human has, by which Allaah inspires and encourages someone to do something. For example, it is mentioned in the Qur’aan that Allaah inspired the mother of Musa. This does not mean she is a prophet of Allaah; this is not the wahee we mean regarding revelation. Rather this is the type of ilhaam.


28:7. And We inspired the mother of Musa (Moses), (saying): “Suckle him [Musa (Moses)], but when you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not, nor grieve. Verily! We shall bring him back to you, and shall make him one of (Our) Messengers.”


You can find an ilhaam which is found within animals as well, how do animals and creatures know how to live? How do bees know how to produce honey? This is all an inspiration from Allaah.

16:68. And your Lord inspired to the bee, “Take for yourself among the mountains, houses, and among the trees and [in] that which they construct.

The word wahee is also used to refer to indicating, like hand movements, by gesturing.

19:11. So he (Zakariyya) came out to his people from the prayer chamber and signaled to them to exalt [Allaah] in the morning and afternoon.


The meaning of awhaa [أوحى] in this instance is to gesture, to give ishaarah (indication).


The term wahee has also been used for the waswasa of shaytaan. And the way he beautifies and adorns sin.


6:121. Eat not (O believers) of that (meat) on which Allaah’s Name has not been pronounced (at the time of the slaughtering of the animal), for sure it is Fisq (a sin and disobedience of Allaah). and Certainly, the Shayâtin (devils) do inspire their friends (from mankind) to dispute with you, and if you obey them [by making Al­Maytatah (a dead animal) legal by eating it], Then you would indeed be Mushrikoon (polytheists) [because they (devils and their friends) made lawful to you to eat that which Allaah has made unlawful to eat and you obeyed them by considering it lawful to eat, and by doing so you worshipped them, and to worship others besides Allaah is polytheism].



Likewise Allaah speaks about how he interacts with the angels. He inspires them through revelation as well.

8:12. [Remember] when your Lord inspired to the angels, “I am with you, so strengthen those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieved, so strike [them] upon the necks and strike from them every fingertip.”



These are the various linguistic uses of the word wahee.


As for the way Allaah inspires his Prophets, how do we define this revelation?

The scholars defined the wahee given to the Prophets as being kalaamullaah al-munazzal ‘alaa nabi-in min anbiyaaihi [كلام الله المنزل على نبيين من أنبيائه]. The speech of Allaah which has been sent down to a prophet from His prophets.


What is the kayfiyyah [كيفية] or the mannerisms in which Allaah sends down revelation to his Prophets? Allaah inspires and gives revelation to the angels, and then there is another level of revelation which is to the prophets.


We need to look at how the angels receive the revelation and how the Prophets receive the revelation.


As for the mannerisms, the way in which Allaah reveals to the angels; then it is as follows:

  • Allaah speaks to the angels; the angels hear His voice directly. Example in the Qur’aan:


2:30. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth.” they said: “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, – while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above All that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You.” He (Allaah) said: “I know that which You do not know.”


  • Likewise the famous hadeeth of An-Nawaas bin Sam’aan which depicts the way in which Allaah speaks to the angels. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “If Allaah wants to inspire the angels to do something, he will speak with the revelation. Then the entire heavens will shake of hearing the words of Allaah. Or like thunder, out of fear from Allaah. And when the inhabitants of the heavens hear that, they will literally drop dead and they will bow down in prostration to Allaah. And the first angel who will raise his head from prostration will be Jibreel and Allaah will speak to him from the revelation of whatever he wants. Then Jibreel will pass by the various different angels, every time he passes by a different level in the heavens, the angels will ask him – they will say ‘what did our Lord say O Jibreel?’ he will say, ‘Indeed he said the truth and he is the high one and the one with perfect pride – al ‘alii al kabeer.’ Then the angels will repeat the revelation of Allaah in the quraan ‘qaaluu al haqq, wa huwa al-alii al kabeer’ (34:23). Then Jibreel will cont to pass on this revelation as far as Allaah commands him to do so.[At-Tabaraani]. This shows how Allaah clearly spoke to Jibreel, clearly spoke to the angels such that they could hear.


This is a huge topic which many scholars have written about in detail. This is a matter where there is a lot of deviation. With regards to the speech of Allaah, some say how can you say Allaah speaks? You are likening Him to His creation. It is this attitude that we do not accept. Rather we say Allaah spoke, it is kalaamullaah. Allaah calls the Qur’aan the speech of Allaah. As to the how and the mannerisms in which Allaah speaks, we do not know and do not ask about it and we don’t try and reflect or ponder over it. Rather we accept it the way it is.


  • Another way Allaah reveals revelation to the angels is through the sacred tablet – al-lawh al-mahfuudh [اللوح المحفوظ].

85:21. Nay! This is a Glorious Qur’aan,

85:22. (Inscribed) In Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuudh (the preserved Tablet)!


  • Allaah sent down the Qur’aan to the bayt ul-‘izza. The tablet is what Allaah commanded everything be written down on, not just revelation but everything that will occur till the end of time. Allaah also wrote down the Qur’aan on a tablet which was sent down the bayt ul-‘izza – this is a house in the lowest heaven. And from there it was sent down to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam).


As for the bayt al-ma’moor, this is different house, this is on the 7th heaven which is visited by 70,000 angels a day and they worship Allaah in this house. This is what is referred to in 97:1Verily We sent it down on laylat ul qadr.” Where was it sent down from? Scholars say from al lawh al mahfuudh, to bayt al ‘izza in Ramadaan. This will be covered in more detail with the tafseer of Surat al Qadr.


The hadeeth of An-Nawwas bin Sam’aan doesn’t mention that when Allaah spoke to Jibreel he spoke to him with Qur’aan. Rather He spoke to him of revelation, which could be of different types. So the scholars differed in regards to the nature of revelation of the Qur’aan from Allaah to Jibreel. The first opinion, which is the strongest opinion, is that Jibreel heard the Qur’aan in particular from Allaah.


The second opinion held by those you find affected by speculative theology, say that Jibreel memorised the Qur’aan from the sacred tablet because they try to flee from the idea that Allaah speaks and that Jibreel can hear the voice of Allaah.


Another interpretation is that Jibreel was inspired by Allaah with the meanings of the Qur’aan – the interpretation of the people of ‘ilm ul kalaam (speculative theology) therefore the wordings of the Qur’aan are either the wordings of Jibreel or Prophet and not the words of Allaah – this is a very weak opinion.


The strongest view without a shadow of a doubt is that he heard it from Allaah. Just because the Qur’aan was recorded in al lawh al mahfuudh doesn’t mean that’s how Jibreel took the Qur’aan from Allaah.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…