Archive | May 2011

“O You Who Believe…” #1

“O you who believe…” – this is a phrase which is repeated in the Qur’aan over 80 times subhaanAllaah.

When reading the Qur’aan and pondering on its meaning, pay special attention to the verses starting with Yaa ayyuha alladheena aamanuu, as the statement following it is something we should reflect and ponder on as believers.

The first time in which yaa ayyuha alladheena aamanuu – O you who believe comes in the Qur’aan is in Surat Al Baqarah, verse 104

O you who believe, say not [to Allah’s Messenger], “Raa‘inaa” but say, “Undhurnaa” and hear. And for the disbelievers is a painful punishment.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 104]

Below is the part of the tafseer [Tafseer Ibn Katheer] regarding this verse; the full tafseer regarding this verse can be read here: Tafseer Ibn Katheer 2:104

Tafseer of this verse (Ibn Katheer)

Allah forbade His believing servants from imitating the behavior and deeds of the disbelievers.

The Jews used to use devious words that hide what they really meant. May Allah’s curse be upon them.

When they wanted to say, `hear us,’ they would use the word Raa’inaa, which is an insult (in Hebrew, but means `hear us’ in Arabic).

Allah said,

مِّنَ الَّذِينَ هَادُواْ يُحَرِّفُونَ الْكَلِمَ عَن مَّوَاضِعِهِ وَيَقُولُونَ سَمِعْنَا وَعَصَيْنَا وَاسْمَعْ غَيْرَ مُسْمَعٍ وَرَعِنَا لَيّاً بِأَلْسِنَتِهِمْ وَطَعْناً فِى الدِّينِ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ قَالُواْ سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا وَاسْمَعْ وَانْظُرْنَا لَكَانَ خَيْراً لَّهُمْ وَأَقْوَمَ وَلَكِن لَّعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ بِكُفْرِهِمْ فَلاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً

(Among those who are Jews, there are some who displace words from (their) right places and say: “We hear your word (O Muhammad ) and disobey,” and “Hear and let you (O Muhammad ) hear nothing.” And Ra`ina with a twist of their tongues and as a mockery of the religion (Islam). And if only they had said: “We hear and obey,” and “Do make us understand,” it would have been better for them, and more proper; but Allah cursed them for their disbelief, so they believe not except a few) (4:46).

Also, the Hadiths stated that when they would greet Muslims, they would say, `As-Samu `alaykum,’ meaning, `death be to you’. This is why we were commanded to answer them by saying, `Wa `alaykum,’ meaning, `and to you too’, then our supplication against them shall be answered, rather than theirs against us.

Allah forbade the believers from imitating the disbelievers in tongue or deed. Allah said,

[يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَقُولُواْ رَعِنَا وَقُولُواْ انظُرْنَا وَاسْمَعُواْ وَلِلكَـفِرِينَ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ ]

(O you who believe! Say not (to the Messenger ) Ra`ina but say Undhurna (make us understand) and hear. And for the disbelievers there is a painful torment) (2:104).

Al-‘Arba‘een [40 Hadeeth An-Nawawi]: Hadeeth 1

Hadeeth No. 1

Actions are Judged by Intentions

It is narrated on the authority of Ameer ul-Mu’mineen, Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) who said:

‘I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) say:

“Actions are (judged) by intentions (niyyah), so each man will have what he intended. Thus, he whose migration (hijrah) was to Allaah and His Messenger, his migration is to Allaah and His Messenger; but he whose migration was for some worldly thing he might gain, or for a wife he might marry, his migration is to that which he migration.”

It is related by the two Imaams of the scholars of hadeeth, ‘Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn Isma’eel ibn Ibraheem ibn al-Mugheera ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhaari and Abu-l-Husain Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj ibn Muslim al-Qushairee an-Naisaboree, in their two Saheehs, which are the soundest of compiled books [i.e., the most truthful books after the Book of Allah, since the Qur’an is not ‘compiled’].

[Al-Bukhaari & Muslim]

Commentary:

This hadeeth is considered to be one of the greatest ahadeeth in Islaam.

The word Niyyah (intention) has two meanings:

  1. The intention before an act of ‘ibaadah (worship) for example prayer.
  2. The willingness

The second meaning is what is meant in this hadeeth.

Our actions are undermined by our intentions – whether they good intentions or bad intentions. Therefore we should always check our intentions before we do or say anything. We must make sure that the action is for the sake of Allaah so that it is accepted by Allaah and that we will be rewarded for it in shaa Allaah.

Read the full article and more commentary about this hadeeth here: http://fortyhadith.iiu.edu.my/hadith01.htm

The Stages of Knowledge

Al-Mahdee Abu ‘Abdullaah reported that he once heard Sufyaan Ath-Thawree [rahimahullaah] say,

The first stage of knowledge is silence;

the second is listening and memorizing;

the third is applying what one learned;

and the fourth is teaching and spreading the knowledge that one learned.”

[Taken from ‘The Biography of Sufyaan Ath-Thawree [may Allaah have mercy on him] Compiled by: Salaahud-Deen ibn ‘Alee ibn ‘Abdul-Maujood’]

Enduring with Patience

Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa) says in the twice in the Qur’aan: “Indeed Allaah is with As-Saabireen (those who are patient)”[1] and mentions the word ‘sabr’ 90 times in the Qur’aan[2]. In our lives we go through periods of joy and periods of sorrow. A true Mu’min is the one who remains patient through these periods of sorrow seeking the reward and pleasure of Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa, turning to Him to and complaining only to Him as Ya’qoob (‘alayhis-salaam) did as mentioned in Surat Yusuf  “He (Ya’qoob) said, “I only complain of my suffering and my grief to Allaah…”[3]

The word patience is a word with a very vast meaning, what in particular does it mean to be patient? One aspect of being patient is ‘restraining the soul from panic and anger’, another aspect is ‘restraining the tongue from complaint when something happens to you’, another aspect is ‘being aware that Allaah is with you’. He is the One that you should complain to and seek help from.

Being patient carries immense rewards, Allaah says in the Qur’aan in Surat Az-Zumar[4]: “Only those who are patient shall receive their reward in full, without reckoning.” Allaah also says in the Qur’aan in Surat Huud[5]: “And be patient, for indeed, Allaah does not allow to be lost the reward of those who do good.

There are also many ahadeeth about the virtues of being patient: Abu Yahya Suhaib bin Sinan (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) reported that: The Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “How wonderful is the case of a believer; there is good for him in everything and this applies only to a believer. If prosperity attends him, he expresses gratitude to Allaah and that is good for him; and if adversity befalls him, he endures it patiently and that is better for him“.[6]

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) reported that: Certain people of the Ansaar asked the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and he gave them; then they again asked him and he gave them until all what he possessed was exhausted. Then the Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Whatever wealth I have, I will not withhold from you. Whosoever would be chaste and modest; Allah will keep him chaste and modest and whosoever would seek self-sufficiency, Allah will make him self-sufficient; and whosoever would be patient, Allah will give him patience, and no one is granted a gift better and more comprehensive than patience.”[7]

Anas (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) saying, “Allaah, the Glorious and Exalted said: “When I afflict my slave in his two dear things (i.e., his eyes), and he endures patiently, I shall compensate him for them with Jannah.”[8]

Abu Sa’eed and Abu Hurayrah (radiAllaahu ‘anhumaa) reported that the Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Never a believer is stricken with a discomfort, an illness, an anxiety, a grief or mental worry or even the pricking of a thorn but Allah will expiate his sins on account of his patience.[9]

All the Prophets of Allaah (‘alayhimus-salaam) were all tested greatly; by means of their family like Prophet Yusuf (‘alayhis-salaam), by disease like Prophet Ayyub (‘alayhis-salaam) and many by their own people like Prophet Nuuh (‘alayhis-salaam) they all faced their tests with great patience and tawakkul ‘alaa Allaah.

And of course, the trials and tribulations our Prophet Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) went through – the incident of Taaif comes to mind. The Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) went there to preach Islaam to the people, however the leaders rejected the Message and also sent young children to taunt him and throw stones at him (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) as he was chased out. The first thing he (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) did upon leaving was to make du’aa to Allaah. An example to us as to how we should act when we are presented with a trial, turn to Allaah.

Then, Angel Jibreel (‘alayhis-salaam) came to the Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and offered to make the mountains around Taaif collide together and crush the people or any other punishment that our Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) desired on its people. However, our Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) refused to punish the people of Taaif saying, “No, do not destroy them, for I hope that Allaah will bring out of their offspring people who worship Him alone without associating any partner with Him in worship.”

SubhaanAllaah – this was the patience of our Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam); if we were in the same situation could we do the same? Allaah has described the impeccable character of Prophet Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in the Qur’aan, in Surat Al-Qalam, “And indeed, you are of a great moral character.”[10]

If the Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) exercised such beautiful patience, who are we not to follow his example? So, a believer should display patience and perseverance during sickness and hardships, hunger or other afflictions, accept that the calamity is from Allaah and should show gratitude and thankfulness for all the wonderful blessings that Allaah grants him and show thanks to Allaah when they are given a trial as it a sign of Allaah’s Love in testing His servants.

And remember, “..fasabrun jameel..” – Patience is BEAUTIFUL 🙂   [Surat Yusuf, verse 18]

"...fasbir sabran jameelan.." Surat Al-Ma'aarij, verse 5


[1] Surat Al-Baqarah, verse 153 & Surat Al-Anfaal, verse 46

[2] Imaam Ahmad, Related by Ibn al Qayyim in Madaarij As-Saalikeen

[3] Surat Yusuf, verse 86

[4] Surat Az-Zumar, verse 10

[5] Surat Huud, verse 115

[6] Muslim

[7] Bukhaari and Muslim

[8] Bukhaari

[9] Bukhaari and Muslim

[10] Surat Al-Qalam, verse 4

Important advice for the student of knowledge from Imām Ibn al-‘Uthaymeen

Important advice for the student of knowledge from Imām Ibn al-‘Uthaymeen

Praise be to Allāh.

It is good if a person focuses on one shaykh and makes him his main source, especially if he is a young beginner, for if the young beginner seeks knowledge from a number of people he will be confused. For people are not all of one opinion, especially nowadays. In the past, here in the Kingdom (Saudi Arabia) people never deviated from [the books] al-Iqnā’ [Book of Hanbalī Fiqh by Al-Buhuti] and al-Muntahā [Book of Hanbalī fiqh by Mar`i bin Yusuf], so their fatāwā were all the same and the bases of their fatāwā were all the same; no one differed from another, except in his delivery and style. But now, everyone who has memorized a hadīth or two says, “I am the Imām to be followed.  Imām Ahmad was a man and we are men.” So now there is chaos. Everyone is issuing fatāwā and sometimes you hear fatāwā from these people which make you weep and laugh at the same time. I was thinking of recording these fatāwā, but I was afraid that this might make me one of those who seek out their faults of their brothers, so I did not do it lest we transmit things that are as far from the truth as the earth is from the Pleiades.

I say: adhering to one scholar is very important when the seeker of knowledge is just starting out, so that he will not be confused. Hence our scholars forbade us to read al-Mughnī and Sharh al-Muhadhdhab and other books which contain numerous opinions when we were starting out. One of our scholars told us that Shaykh ‘AbdAllāh ibn ‘AbdRahmān Bābiteen (May Allāh have mercy on him), who was one of the great scholars of Najd, only read al-Rawd al-Murabba’ [Book of Hanbalī Fiqh by Al-Buhuti] and never read anything else. He read it repeatedly but he discussed it in great detail and in great depth.

If a person has gained a great deal of knowledge, then he should look at the views of the scholars so as to benefit from them in both academic and practical terms. But when one is just starting out, my advice is to focus on one particular scholar and not go to anyone else.

[From Fatāwā al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Sālih al-‘Uthaymeen, Kitāb al-‘Ilm, page # 107]

First Post

Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

Assalaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh

In shaa Allaah (if Allaah wills) this blog will have various articles and YouTube clips related to the religion of Islaam, be it verses from the Book of Allaah the Qur’aan, ahadeeth of the Prophet Muhammad (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), stories of the Prophets (‘alayhimus salaam), stories of the Companions (radiAllaahu ‘anhum) stories from people of the past, quotes from scholars of the past and snippets from their lives and many other beneficial reminders of the sort in shaa Allaah. In shaa Allaah I’ll also be sharing any beneficial websites that I come across.

🙂 Happy reading!