Archive | May 2012

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Sheeth and Prophet Idrees (‘alayhimas-salaam)

Prophet Sheeth (‘alayhis salaam)

Sheeth (‘alayhis salaam) is a Prophet not mentioned in the Qur’aan. He is a Prophet that we know from the Sunnah.

Abu Dharr (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) narrated that Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Allaah sent down one hundred and four psalms, of which fifty were sent down to Sheeth.”

[Saheeh al Bukhari]

Sheeth received revelation from Allaah. Some scholars mention that Aadam gave Sheeth the responsibility upon his passing. Sheeth is said to be the son of Aadam.

Prophet Idrees (‘alayhis salaam)

Idrees (‘alayhis salaam), most scholars say he is a Prophet that came between Sheeth and Nuuh.

Idris is mentioned in the Qur’aan.

19:56. “Also mention In the Book the case of Idrees: He was a man of truth (and sincerity), (and) a Prophet.”

21:85. “And (remember) Isma’eel, Idrees, and dhul-kifl, all (men) of constancy and patience.”

We have some stories about him from Israiliyyaat. Allaah revealed to him that his deeds were equivalents to the good deeds of everyone on the face of the earth. He said, “If that is the case, I can ask Allaah for a longer life so I can get more good deeds.” He told his friend (an Angel) “Why don’t we go to the Angel of Death and ask if we can speak to Allaah to ask Him to give me a longer life.”

The Angel said, “Ok, ride on my wings.” As they went up through the Heavens, the Angel of Death was going down. The Angel of Death said, “Subhaan’Allaah, I was given an order by Allaah to take the soul of Idrees in the fourth heaven. And I had no idea how I was meant to do this if he was on Earth.”

The Angel looked on his back and saw that Idrees had already passed away.

Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) met with Prophet Idrees in the fourth heaven.

To be continued with the story of the next Prophet in shaa Allaah…

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 4)

Class 1 continued…

Technical meaning of the word Qur’aan

– Kalaamullaah, al munazzal ‘alaa Muhammad al-muta’abbadu bi tilaawatihi

[كلام الله المنزل على محمد المتعبد بتلاوته]

The Speech of Allaah, sent down to Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), which people use as a means to worship Allaah through its recital.

Kalaamullaah – idaafah construction, the scholars have said about this that this type of idaafah is an idaafah of siffah (idaafah of characteristic) meaning this kalaam is the direct speech of Allaah; it is not something he created.

E.g. when we say bayt ullaah (which is also an idaafah), do we say that the ka‘bah is the characteristic of Allaah? No.

The Qur’aan we recite today is the direct speech of Allaah, it is not the interpretation of Jibreel, nor do we say it is something that Jibreel was inspired with, we say that Jibreel heard it directly from Allaah.

Hadeeth in Tirmidhiyou cannot draw closer to Allaah with anything greater than that which came from Allaah. i.e. the Qur’aan.

Al munazzal ‘alaa Muhammad – speak later in detail about how this happened (i.e. how revelation was sent to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam).

Al muta’abbadu bi tilaawatihi – we add this in order to distinguish it from Hadeeth Qudsi as it can be said that it is also a type of kalaam from Allaah. However, it is not used as a means to worship Allaah.

 

The Names and Characteristics of the Qur’aan

The Qur’aan has many names and qualities and characteristics that Allaah has labelled it within the Qur’aan itself. From the names of the Qur’aan is Al Qur’aan itself.

Allaah also calls it, Kitaab (21:10):

21:10. Indeed, We have sent down for you (O mankind) a Book, (the Qur’aan) in which there is Dhikrukum, (your Reminder or an honour for you i.e. honour for the one who follows the teaching of the Qur’aan and acts on its Orders). Will you not then understand?

 

 

Al Furqaan  (25:1): the criteria, to decide between right and wrong.

25:1. Blessed be He who sent down the criterion (of Right and wrong, i.e. This Qur’aan) to his slave (Muhammad) that he may be a warner to the ‘Aalameen (mankind and jinns).

 

 

Adh dhikr (15:9)

15:9. Verily We, it is we who have sent down the dhikr (i.e. the Qur’aan) and surely, we will guard it (from corruption).

 

 

At Tanzeel – the revelation (26:192):

26:192. And truly, this (the Qur’aan) is a Revelation from the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinns and All that exists)

Al Qur’aan and Al Kitaab are most commonly used to refer to the Qur’aan; there is wisdom behind these two names being the most commonly used. If you go for the first interpretation of what the Qur’aan means, it pertains to reading/reciting. Whereas Kitaab is to do with writing, and this is to show that the Qur’aan has been preserved through the written form and preserved through memory. This is something which is unique about the Qur’aan, that people of the past were not known to memorize their scriptures.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…

Benefits of “Assalaamu ‘alaykum” #3

3. “Assalaamu ‘alaykum” is a means of entering Jannah

The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you about something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread salaam (the greeting of peace) among you.”

[Muslim]

 

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Aadam (‘alayhis-salaam) Part 2

Prophet Aadam (‘alayhis salaam)

Part 2

 

Allaah taught Aadam all of the names, the names of everything.

Allaah created the human to be established on Earth and to live on it, so Allaah blessed the son of Aadam so name things, designating names to them.

Then Allaah presented some objects on the Angels, “Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful.”

They said, “Praise be to you. We have no knowledge except the knowledge that You have given us. You are the Most-Knowledgeable, the All-Wise.”

Aadam went through the test, he told them all the names and Allaah said, “Didn’t I tell you that I know the knowledge of the Unseen in the Heavens and the Earth? And I know what you reveal and what you conceal.”

Aadam was alone. Allaah created out of Aadam, Hawwa – from the rib of Aadam.

Abu Hurayrah (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Treat women well. The woman was created from a rib. The most bent part of the rib is the top part. If you try to straighten it, you will break it. If you leave it, it remains bent. So treat women well.” [Agreed upon]

There was a tree – the only part of Jannah they were not allowed to touch. Shaytaan whispered to them, “Shall I tell you about the tree that will give you eternity and the greatest Kingdom that will not end?” They ate from the tree, and because of that they were sent down to Earth.

They said – ‘we have wronged ourselves’ (this is also a du’aa).

 

7:23. They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls: If thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost.”

 


 

When Aadam was created, Allaah broke his back – so all the descendants of Aadam came from his back. Allaah put some light between their eyes.

Aadam asked who they are and Allaah said they are your descendants.

Aadam saw one and liked the light coming from him, he asked, “Who is he?”

Allaah replied, “This is one of your descendants who is going to come at the end of time, his name is Dawud.”

Aadam asked his age and Allaah said that Dawud was 60. Aadam loved him. And so Aadam asked Allaah to give Dawud 40 years from his own life.

Aadam was created to live 1000 years, so when he was 960 the Angel of Death came to Aadam. And he asked Aadam, “Are you ready to die?” The Angel of Death asks permission of the Anbiya.

Aadam replied, “I still have 40 years to live.” The Angel of Death said, “Didn’t you give 40 years of your life to your son Dawud?” Aadam denied.

The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Aadam denied, so the Children of Aadam deny. Aadam forgot and his children forget. Aadam made mistakes and his children make mistakes.”

The name ‘Insaan’ comes from ‘Nasiyan’ – forgetting.

Aadam forgot about giving 40 years of his life to Dawud, so Allaah forgave him.

The Angels descended, washed Aadam an odd number of times and dug a grave for him and buried him.

 

 

To be continued with the story of the next Prophets in shaa Allaah…

Jannah in Islaam #2

The Gates of Jannah

Gardens of perpetual bliss – they shall enter there, as well as the righteous among their fathers, their spouses and their offspring. And angels shall enter upon them from every gate.”
[Surat ar-Ra’d, 13: 23]

This is a reminder. Verily, for the righteous is a beautiful place of final return – garden of eternity, whose doors will always be open to them.”
[Surat Saad, 38: 49-50]

And those who feared their Lord will be led to the Garden in crowds until behold, they arrive there. Its gates will be opened, and its keepers will say, ‘Peace be upon you! Well have you done, enter here, to dwell eternally.’”
[Surat az-Zumar, 39: 73]

Sahl bin Sa’d [radiAllaahu ‘anhu] reported that the Prophet [sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam] said:
Jannah has eight gates, and one of them is called ar-Rayyaan, through which none will enter except those who observe fasting.”
[Saheeh al-Bukhari]

Abu Hurayrah [radiAllaahu ‘anhu] narrated that the Prophet [sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam] said:
Whoever spends two things in the way of Allaah will be called from the gates of Jannah and will be addressed, ‘O slave of Allaah, here is prosperity!’ So whoever was among the people who used to offer their prayers will be called from the gate of prayer; and whoever was among the people who used to participate in Jihad will be called from the gates of Jihad; and whoever was among those who used to observe fasts will be called from the gate of ar-Rayyaan; and whoever was among those who used to give in charity will be called from the gate of charity.” Abu Bakr [radiAllaahu ‘anhu] said, ‘Let my parents be sacrificed for you, Oh Allaah’s Messenger! No distress or need will befall him one will be called from those gates. Will there by anyone who will be called from all these gates?” The Prophet [sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam] replied, “Yes. And I hope you will be one of them.
[Saheeh al-Bukhari]

‘Uqbah bin Amir [radiAllaahu ‘anhu] said: “We were entrusted with the task of tending the camels – On my turn, when I came back in the evening after grazing them in the pastures, I found Allaah’s Messenger [sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam] standing and addressing the people. I heard these words of his:
If any Muslim performs ablution well, then stands and prays two rak’ahs, setting about them with his heart as well as his face, Jannah will be guaranteed to him.’ I said, ‘What a fine thing this is!’ A narrator who was before me said, ‘The first was even better than this.’ When I cast a glance, I saw that it was Umar [radiAllaahu ‘anhu] who said, ‘I see that you have just come and observed. If anyone among you performs the ablution, completes the ablution well and says, “I testify that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the servant of Allaah and His Messenger,” then the eight gates of Jannah will be opened for him and he may enter by whichever of them he wishes.’”
[Saheeh Muslim]

The gates of Jannah will be opened on Mondays and on Thursdays, and every servant of Allaah who associates nothing with Allaah will be forgiven, except for the man who has a grudge against his brother. About them it will be said, ‘Delay these two until they are reconciled. Delay these two until they are reconciled. Delay these two until they are reconciled.’”
[Saheeh Muslim, Malik and Abu Dawud]

Adapted from: http://www.jannah.org/frontpage/jannah.html

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 3)

Class 1 continued…

What does the word Qur’aan mean?

 

The scholars differ regarding the etymology (roots) of this word, the most common understanding is that the word Qur’aan is derived from the root qa ra a (ق ر ء).

Very literally, this word means to bring together and to add one thing to another hence when a person adds many letters together – he forms speech. Hence is why we say that ق ر ء means to recite or to read. Therefore the Qur’aan is something which is recited.

 

Other scholars say the Qur’aan is called the Qur’aan not because it is read but because it brings together all of the teachings of the previous scriptures.

16:89. and (remember) the Day when we shall raise up from every nation a witness against them from amongst themselves. And we shall bring you (O Muhammad) as a witness against these. And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’aan) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a Mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allaah as Muslims).

 

The Qur’aan provides a solution to everything, even that which is not in the Qur’aan – there is an ayah in the Qur’aan that states – ask the people of knowledge if you do not know.

 

Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) had three major roles in regards to the Qur’aan:

  1. He was someone who emphasised and reinforced the meanings of the Qur’aan – mu-akkid (مؤكّد).
  2. He was someone who clarified the meaning of the Qur’aan – mubayyin (مبيّن)
  3. He was a legislator himself as he gave laws which coupled the laws in the Qur’aan – musharri’ (مشرّع)

 

Put together the Qur’aan and the Sunnah then you have the complete code of life, and this is the wisdom behind the shahaadah, it is not enough to say Laa ilaaha illAllaah, you also need to say – wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuuluhu.

 

The scholars did mention that Allaah send down previously 300+ revelations – not absolutely certain. Allaah gathered the knowledge of all of these scriptures into 4 major books Tawraah, Injeel, Zabuur, Qur’aan. Allaah summarized the teaching of these 4 scriptures in the Qur’aan – it teaches us the major principles of the previous scriptures, maybe not in terms of rulings as we know that each prophet was given his own respective ruling for his nation, but in terms of major themes and messages, aspects of creed, Tawheed, hisaab, hereafter, Qadr.

 

Scholars say in the Qur’aan is one surah that summarizes all the teachings of the Qur’aan, this is Surat al Faatihah.

 

Other scholars say the Qur’aan is not derived from the root qa ra a – ق ر ء. rather they say that it is derived from the root qa ra na – ق ر ن. This means to add one thing to another or to be similar to something else or to adhere to something else. Since the verses of the Qur’aan all resemble one another, because of their miraculous nature and their essence, this was the opinion of some scholars, though many scholars say this is the weaker opinion.

 

Some scholars were even of the view that this word was not a derived word, but saying this implies that it does not actually have a meaning. This was the view of Imaam Ash-Shaafi‘ee (rahimahullaah). Like the Injeel and the Tawraah. So we say it’s an ismun ‘alam – a proper noun. The benefit of proper nouns is that when you give a name to something which doesn’t have a meaning behind it, it becomes a title for it and not just a description, e.g. looking at the names of the children of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) many of them did not have a meaning. Zaynab, Umm Kulthoom.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…

“O You Who Believe…” #4

The fourth time in which yaa ayyuha alladheena aamanuuO you who believe comes in the Qur’aan is in Surat Al Baqarah, verse 178.

O you who believe, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered – the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 178]

The following ayah goes further:

“And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisaas (the Law of equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may acquire Taqwaa.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 179]

Below is part of the tafseer [Tafseer Ibn Katheer] regardin verse 178.

The tafseer of these two verses can be found in more detail in the following links:

Tafseer Surat Al Baqarah: 178 & 179

Continued here – Tafseer Surat Al Baqarah: 178 & 179

_______

The Command and the Wisdom Behind the Law of Equality

 

Allah states: O believers! The Law of equality has been ordained on you (for cases of murder), the free for the free, the slave for the slave and the female for the female. Therefore, do not transgress the set limits, as others before you transgressed them, and thus changed what Allah has ordained for them.

The reason behind this statement is that (the Jewish tribe of) Banu An-Nadir invaded Qurayzah (another Jewish tribe) during the time of Jahiliyyah (before Islam) and defeated them. Hence, (they made it a law that) when a person from Nadir kills a person from Quraizah, he is not killed in retaliation, but only pays a hundred Wasq of dates. However, when a person from Quraizah kills a Nadir man, he would be killed for him. If Nadir wanted to forfeit the execution of the murderer and instead require him to pay a ransom, the Quraizah man pays two hundred Wasq of dates double the amount Nadir pays in Diyah (blood money).

So Allah commanded that justice be observed regarding the penal code, and that the path of the misguided and mischievous persons be avoided, who in disbelief and transgression, defy and alter what Allah has commanded them.

Allah said:

﴿كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْقِصَاصُ فِي الْقَتْلَى الْحُرُّ بِالْحُرِّ وَالْعَبْدُ بِالْعَبْدِ وَالاٍّنثَى بِالاٍّنْثَى﴾

(Al-Qisas (the Law of equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in case of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female.)

 

Allah’s statement:

﴿الْحُرُّ بِالْحُرِّ وَالْعَبْدُ بِالْعَبْدِ وَالاٍّنثَى بِالاٍّنْثَى﴾

(the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female.) was abrogated by the statement life for life (5:45).

 

 

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Aadam (‘alayhis-salaam) Part 1

Prophet Aadam (‘alayhis salaam)

Part 1

Aadam (‘alayhis salaam) was created from clay. Allaah told the Angels, “I will place on earth a Khalifah.”

Khaleefah comes from the word Khalaf – to succeed/assume position of someone else.

Salaf are the early three generations, all after are called Khalaf.

Abu Bakr (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) came after Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), and assumed the position of Rasuulullaah. Hence he became a Khaleefah.

The Angels replied, “Will you place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood while we glorify You with praise and thanks?”

Two explanations are given for their reply:-

  1. Allaah told the Angels ahead of time that this is what human beings will do.
  2. Ibn Abbaas (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) said – Jinn were living in this world before, causing corruption and caused evil. Allaah sent on them armies from the Angels and Iblees to fight against them. They were cornered to the ocean.

Allaah replied, “I know what you know not.”

Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Allaah created Aadam from a handful of dirt picked from all of earth, so the children of Aadam became red, white, yellow, black and all in between, they became good, sad, righteous and all in between.”

Their personalities and looks came according to where on Earth they were taken from.

Aadam was created from Turaab (dirt) Teen (mud) Teen Laazim (sticky clay) Hamain Masnoon (black, smooth, smelly clay) Salsaal Kal-Fahaar (clay like pottery) and other different terms were used to describe Aadam.

Turaab was mixed with water to make Teen, this was left for a while it became sticky due to lack of water – this was Teen Laazim. And then it was left for a longer while – its smell and colour changed, it became darker – Hamain Masnoon. That was taken, and Allaah moulded out of it the form of Aadam and left it to dry and it became Salsaal Kal-Fahaar.

Iblees came to the mould of Aadam and knocked it, it made a ringing noise and he knew it was hollow. He though himself to be better than it and he said, “If I am given influence over you, I will guide you astray. And if you are given influence over me, I would disobey you.”

Hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim: Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Allaah created Aadam in his image.”

Nawawi explains this Hadeeth, he says, “This isn’t referring to Allaah, its referring to Aadam. Allaah created Aadam in the image of Aadam. He created Aadam as he was, in his adult form that remained with him.”

Allaah blew the soul into Aadam; our bodies without souls are like the dirt. When the soul leaves, the body decomposes into its origins.

When the soul entered the body of Aadam, the first thing he did was he sneezed. Then he said, “Alhamdulillaah.” Allaah replied, “Yarhamukullaah.”

Allaah told Aadam, “Go to those Angels who are sitting over there and deliver salaam to them.”

He said, “Assalaamu ‘alaikum.” They replied, “Wa ‘alaka assalaam wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh.”

Allaah said to him, “This is your greeting and the greeting of your descendants.”

There is an agreement between us and Allaah – a covenant. We worship no-one but Him. We canont say on the Day of Judgement that we didn’t know about this.

There are two explanations to this:

  1. This covenant is of Fitrah – original state – Islaam. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Everyone is born upon the Fitrah of Islaam, and then their parents make them Jew, Christian or a disbeliever.”
  2. Allaah took out the seed of Aadam and we were placed in the Hand of Allaah, and He asked us, “Am I your Lord?” And we said, “Yes.” – Hadeeth.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 2)

Class 1 continued…

Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) used a beautiful example to compare himself with the other Prophets. He said: “The example of me and the example of those before me, the similitude of that is like a man who builds a house – and I beautified it and adorned it, except for one place – there was a brick that was empty, so the people began to look around this house and were amazed by its beauty, they say ‘If only there was one more brick, which would fill the gap in this house – it would be perfect.’ Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, ‘I am that brick and I am the seal of all prophets’.”

[Al-Bukhaari & Muslim]

The belief in the Qur’aan yields many great benefits, one of the most important being the belief that Allaah has sent a revelation to mankind – it indicates the care and concern that Allaah has shown His nation. Fitrah, ayaat al kawniyyah, ayaat of the Qur’aan, these all show the love and concern Allaah has for His nation. When a person realises this point, he appreciates the Qur’aan.

Secondly, we learn how when Allaah reveals scriptures to His Prophets it suited their time and place; He revealed them according to the needs of the people. This shows that this is a sharee’ah that will go in accordance with every time and age.

Hadeeth: “Have glad tidings for part of this Qur’aan is in the hands of Allaah and the other part of it is in your hands, so hold on to this Qur’aan for you will never be destroyed nor will you ever be lead astray after it.”

[At-Tabaraani]

It is for this reason that the Qur’aan which withstands the pressures of time and change, therefore Allaah has promised to and has preserved the Qur’aan from any change or distortion, omission, substitution or addition.

15:9. Verily We, it is we who have sent down the dhikr (i.e. the Qur’aan) and surely, we will guard it (from corruption).

This is apart of the miraculous nature of the Qur’aan.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…

The Lives of the Prophets (‘alayhimus-salaam) Introduction

The Lives of the Prophets – Imaam Anwar Al-Awlaqi

PART ONE: The Story of Creation

 

Benefits of talking about Al-Anbiya (The Prophets):

  1. Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was commanded to do so. Narrate these stories onto the Ummah, so it becomes mandatory on us to convey their stories too. It’s an ‘Ibaadah.
  2. Relate unto them the stories so that they may reflect. We derive lessons from these stories and contemplate them.
  3. Al-Anbiya are those whom Allaah has guided, so follow their guidance. Allaah instructs Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) to follow their guidance, follow their way. We must take them as role models.
  4. To love them, if we don’t know someone we can’t love them. We need to know the details of their lives, know what they went through to respect them.
    1. Abu Dharr came to Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and asked him a question, “What is the total number of Anbiya?” He replied, “120,000 Anbiya (Prophets) and the Rusul (Messengers) among them are 315.”
    2. The Rasuul is the Nabi who is given a law by Allaah.
    3. But the Nabi, who is not a Rasuul, is following the law of another Rasuul.
    4. Every Rasuul is a Nabi, but not every Nabi is a Rasuul.
    5. If a Prophet is given a new law, then he becomes a Rasuul.
    6. Musa (‘alayhis-salaam) is a Rasuul, because he was given the Tawrah. But his brother Haroon (‘alayhis-salaam) is not a Rasuul, he is a Nabi, he is following the law of his brother.

 

The story of creation

 

Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was asked this question by a group who came from Yemen, they asked “O Messenger of Allaah, how did all of this start?” He said, “In the beginning, there was Allaah. There was nothing before Him, nothing was with Him. And His throne was on water. And He wrote on the tablet everything. And He created the heavens and the earth.” [Bukhari]

Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “The first thing Allaah created was the pen, then Allaah ordered it to write. So it wrote down everything that will happen until the Day of Judgement.”

Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Allaah wrote down the sustenance of the creation 50,000 years before He created the heavens and the earth.” [Muslim]

Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “The angels were created from light and the Jinn were created from fire.”

Iblees was a Jinn, but because he was so righteous, he was elevated to a very high level among the Angels.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…