Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1

I absolutely adore tafseer, of anything that I have learnt about – tafseer holds a special place in my heart as it is an indepth explanation of the Qur’aan – the Book of Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa.

After ages of searching for a series (in English) which deals with the Tafseer of the entire Qur’aan, I was told of classes that were going to start in NW London that would be dealing with the tafseer of the Qur’aan! Unfortunately the timing and location wasn’t good for me, but Allaah made a way out and Alhamdulillaah the series was online!

Those interested in listening to the series here is the link to website (updated weekly):

Tafseer Al Qur’aan

Alhamdulillaah this series has been absolutely amazing so far – may Allaah reward the Ustaadh and all those involved in making this series available to us – aameen!

Without further ado, here is the first post of many (in shaa Allaah) of the compiled notes of this tafseer series, starting with the sciences of the Qur’aan.

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Tafseer of the Qur’aan

Class 1

It’s from the grace of Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa that he has bestowed upon man, Al-Fitrah (الفِطْرَة) – the natural disposition by which a person can come to recognise the Oneness of Allaah, also by which he recognises good from bad.

The fitrah that Allaah has created man upon recognises the oneness of Allaah but also to a certain degree this fitrah that we all have helps one recognise the difference between right and wrong to a certain extent. This is the belief of Ahlus sunnah wal jamaa’ah.

In addition to this, Allaah has blessed human beings by guiding him even further i.e. through revelation – the Qur’aan. On top of the Qur’aan, Allaah has given various ayaat – the universal ayaat – al-ayaat al-kawniyyah (الآيَات الكَوْنِيَّة). These ayaat point to the oneness of Allaah, His greatness and His omnipotence.

Allaah has given the human race many different ways to come to the conclusion about the belief in Allaah and the difference to know between right and wrong. It is for this reason that we find that Allaah time and time again sent various different Prophets with various different revelations – however, all of the Prophets were sent with the same message. The various revelations were sent to see to the needs of the human race in order to help them determine what path to lead.

Throughout time, mankind has changed and developed, different circumstances, civilisations, cultures, needs and requirements etc. So it’s from the hikmah (wisdom) of Allaah that he sent a particular Prophet to his respective nation:

…li kulli ja’alnaa minkum shir’atan wa minhaajan…

for every (nation), We made for them a law and a way

(Surat Al Maaidah, verse 48)

Each nation was given a particular law and way and method. However, these revelations suited their time and their place. But we know that the Qur’aan, the revelation that Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam received was to be the final revelation for mankind. This would be a revelation that would overcome the various different tests of the changing of time.

With the change of time, there is a change in the way we perceive things, even the way we behave. But one of the unique features of the Qur’aan is that it is suitable for all nations and all times up until the day of judgement. There will be no change in the text itself as it is preserved, nor will there be any change in the interpretation.

To be continued (in shaa Allaah)…

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