Archive | June 2012

“O You Who Believe…” #7

The seventh time in which yaa ayyuha alladheena aamanuuO you who believe comes in the Qur’aan is in Surat Al Baqarah, verse 254.

 

 

O you who believe, spend from that which We have provided for you before there comes a Day in which there is no exchange and no friendship and no intercession. And the disbelievers – they are the wrongdoers.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 254]

____________

Allah commands His servants to spend for His sake, in the path of righteousness, from what He has granted them, so that they acquire and keep the reward of this righteous deed with their Lord and King. Let them rush to perform this deed in this life,

﴿مِّن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِىَ يَوْمٌ﴾

(before a Day comes) meaning, the Day of Resurrection,

﴿لاَّ بَيْعٌ فِيهِ وَلاَ خُلَّةٌ وَلاَ شَفَـعَةٌ﴾

(when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession.)

 

This Ayah indicates that on that Day, no one will be able to bargain on behalf of himself or ransom himself with any amount, even if it was the earth’s fill of gold; nor will his friendship or relation to anyone benefit him. Similarly, Allah said,

﴿فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِى الصُّورِ فَلاَ أَنسَـبَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلاَ يَتَسَآءَلُونَ ﴾

(Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another) ﴿23:101﴾.

﴿وَلاَ شَفَـعَةٌ﴾

(Nor intercession) meaning, they will not benefit by the intercession of anyone.

 

Allah’s statement,

﴿وَالْكَـفِرُونَ هُمُ الظَّـلِمُونَ﴾

(and it is the disbelievers who are the wrongdoers) indicates that no injustice is worse than meeting Allah on that Day while a disbeliever. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Ata’ bin Dinar said, “All thanks are due to Allah Who said,

﴿وَالْكَـفِرُونَ هُمُ الظَّـلِمُونَ﴾

(and it is the disbelievers who are the wrongdoers) but did not say, `And it is the wrongdoers who are the disbelievers.”’

 

 

Taken from Tafseer Ibn Katheer

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Huud (‘alayhis-salaam) Part 2

Prophet Huud (‘alayhis salaam)

Part 2

 

46:22. they said: “Have you come to turn us away from our âliha (gods)? Then bring us that with which you threaten us, if You are one of the truthful!”

 

The people of ‘Aad were arrogant and proud because of their strength, power and ‘civilisation’.

 

We see this arrogance in many of the great civilisations that disbelieved in Allaah.

 

41:15. As for ‘Aad, they were arrogant in the land without right, and they said: “Who is mightier than us In strength?” see they not that Allaah, who created them was mightier In strength than them. And they used to deny Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.)!

 

Allaah was taking the people of ‘Aad through a test to remind them, He gave them chances and did not bring the punishment on them all at once.

 

Allaah made them go through a period of drought to remind them of their weakness as human beings, so that they may turn to Allaah in repentance.

 

But this wasn’t sufficient to turn their attention to the truth.

 

Huud made du’aa to Allaah.

 

His du’aa reached Allaah and dark clouds started approaching in the horizon.

 

46:24. Then, when they saw it as a dense cloud coming towards their valleys, they said: “This is a cloud bringing us rain!” Nay, but it is that (torment) which you were asking to be hastened! A wind wherein is a painful torment!

46:25. Destroying everything by the command of its Lord! So they became such that nothing could be seen except their dwellings! Thus do we recompense the people who are Mujrimeen (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, etc.)!

 

 

When Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would see clouds approaching Madeenah, his face would change. ‘Aaishah (radiAllaahu ‘anhaa) noticed his worried face. She said to him, “O Rasuulullaah, when people see the clouds they are happy, but you look anxious.” He replied, “A nation before us saw these clouds and thought that they had mercy, they didn’t know that it had the punishment of Allaah in them.”

 

41:16. so we sent upon them furious wind In days of evil omen (for them) that we might give them a taste of disgracing torment In This present worldly life, but surely the torment of the Hereafter will be more disgracing, and they will never be helped.

 

The wind Allaah sent on the people of ‘Aad, besieged them. It stayed with them for seven nights and eight days continuously.

 

69:7. which Allaah imposed on them for seven nights and Eight days In succession, so that You could see men lying overthrown (destroyed), as if they were hollow trunks of date-palms!

69:8. Do you see any remnants of them?

 

Allaah completely destroyed them because they were the most powerful.

 

Allaah saved Huud.

 

11:58. and when Our Commandment came, we saved Huud and those who believed with Him by a Mercy from us, and we saved them from a severe torment.

11:59. such were ‘Aad (people). They rejected the Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord and disobeyed his Messengers, and followed the command of every proud obstinate (oppressor of the truth, from their leaders).

11:60. and they were pursued by a Curse in This world and (so they will be) on the Day of Resurrection. No doubt! Verily, ‘Aad disbelieved in their Lord. So away with ‘Aad, the people of Huud.

 

 

To be continued with the story of the next Prophet…

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 7)

Revelation to the Messengers

 

Allaah to Messengers, through a waasitah [واسطة](intermediary – angel) and not through a waasitah.

 

  1. When there is no intermediary:
    1. Through dreams that would come true, this is a form of inspiration from Allaah. Hadeeth narrated by ‘Aaishah [radiAllaahu ‘anhaa] recorded in Bukhari and Muslim: “The first way the Prophet’s revelation began was through seeing good dreams that would come true and he would never see a dream except that it would come true like the day light would appear.” What is benefit of these dreams? To prepare him for what is to come.

 

A note to remember, none of the Qur’aan was revealed through dreams. Though he received inspirations through dreams, these revelations were not in the Qur’aan. There is some dispute amongst the scholars regarding this, because some scholars say Surat al Kawthar was revealed to Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in a dream. Hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim narrated by Anas bin Maalik (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) “One day we were with the prophet, he was with us in the mosque and he dozed off. Then he raised his head smiling, and then I asked ‘What made you laugh O RasuulAllaah? He said, ‘A Surah was just revealed to me, then he revealed Surat al Kawthar.”

 

Some say based on this hadeeth, the Surah was revealed in his dream. But we say no, the term used in hadeeth al ighfaa-a [الاغفاء] does not necessarily mean sleep, not necessarily a dream – rather it’s a form of slumber, but we can’t really say it’s a dream. Or it’s a special state he used to go in when he would receive revelation.

 

As we know, many Prophets of Allaah acted upon the dreams that they had, for example Prophet Ibrahim (‘alayhis salaam), the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) also acted upon dreams many times, e.g. the treaty of Hudaybiyyah – what led to this treaty? The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) seeing in a dream that he had shaved his head and he did ‘umrah. But how could he do this when the mushrikuun were occupying Makkah and he was in Madeenah? Despite this, he and some others went unarmed to Makkah in order to make ‘umrah.

 

**An important note to make**

 

We as humans don’t act upon our dreams; we don’t take any law from it. E.g. if someone in your dream says recite this surah 1 million times and propagate it to people. And tell people to do so and the khilaafah will be established – don’t act upon these dreams; we don’t base our law on these dreams.

 

    1. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would hear the words of Allaah from behind a veil, this also happened with Musa (‘alayhis salaam) 4:164.

4:164. And Messengers we have mentioned to you before, and Messengers we have not mentioned to you, – and to Musa (Moses) Allaah spoke directly.

 

This was also the case for the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) during the night journey. He spoke to Allaah directly but through a veil. However, none of the Qur’aan came in this form.

 

  1. When there isan intermediary. This used to happen in one of two ways:
    1. The most severe way: the revelation used to come in the form of a ringing bell. It was physically hard for Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) to bare this kind of revelation. The scholars differ about the noise of the ringing of the bell, where did it come from? Some scholars said that it was the wings of the angels striking one another; others say it was the voice of the angel itself. ‘Aaishah (radiAllaahu ‘anhaa) mentioned that this revelation used to be so hard on him that even on a cold day he would break a sweat. What’s the wisdom behind him receiving revelation this way? Going through this difficulty you will appreciate the revelation being taken in and given to you. Even when Rasuulullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) first received revelation, what did Jibreel do? He squeezed him, to make him realise he was not dreaming. In a dream, you don’t go through physical pain. And to make it clear to him that this was a serious matter that was going to descend upon him.

 

In the Qur’aan in Surat Al Muzzammil, verse 5 the revelation is referred to as being “qawlun thaqeelah” The scholars interpret this word in both ways, heavy as in physically and heavy in terms of the importance.

 

Once Zayd bin Thaabit (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) mentioned, once Rasuulullaah was resting his head on his thigh, and he started to receive revelation – he felt his leg was about to break due to the pressure.

 

    1. The angel Jibreel came to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in the form of a man, and he will speak to him and he would teach him. Hadeeth Jibreel is a beautiful example of this.
    2. There is a third way which some scholars mention, an inspiration coming to his heart. Hadeeth: “Verily the Holy Spirit, he breathed into my soul. That no person will die until they complete their rizq and their lifespan.” – Many scholars disagreed saying in reality; this is another way of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) expressing it through the first method.

 

 

End of Class 1

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Huud (‘alayhis-salaam) Part 1

Prophet Huud (‘alayhis salaam)

Part 1

 

Allaah sent Huud (‘alayhis salaam) to the people of ‘Aad.

 

Allaah says that the people of ‘Aad lived in Al-Ahqaaf. This is mentioned in Surat Al-Ahqaaf. It means ‘Sand Dunes’. Its now a desert area in Yemen. They lived in the area of Hadanuut.

 

Allaah described the people of ‘Aad in the Qur’aan. They used to worship idols, “He has increased you amply in stature.”

 

7:69. “Do you wonder that there has come to you a Reminder (and an advice) from your Lord through a man from amongst you that He may warn you? And remember that He made you successors after the people of Nuuh (Noah), and increased you amply in stature. So Remember the graces (bestowed upon you) from Allaah, so that you may be successful.”

 

They were huge, tall and strong and well-built. As a society Allaah told them:

 

26:132. “And keep your duty to Him; fear Him who has aided you with all (good things) that you know.

26:133. “He has aided you with cattle and children.

26:134. “And Gardens and springs.

 

 

 

 

Allaah has said about them:

26:128. “Do you construct on every elevation a sign, amusing yourselves,

26:129. “And take for yourselves palaces and fortresses that you might abide eternally?

26:130. “And when you strike, you strike as tyrants.

26:131. “So fear Allaah and obey me.

 

 

They became so luxurious and so wealthy that were spending their money in a wasteful way. The people of ‘Aad had so much additional wealth they fell into the trap of using money for pride and arrogance after satisfying your basic needs.

 

They started building monuments over mountains, for pride, to show off. They built palaces so fine as if they thought they were going to live forever.

 

They were powerful tyrants, putting all this together Allaah said:

89:7 [With] Iram – who had lofty pillars,

89:8 The likes of whom had never been created in the land

Allaah did not create anyone similar to them.

 

Their society was unsurpassed by anyone in their time.

 

Allaah sent Huud to them. His Message was the same Message of Nuuh (‘alayhis salaam).

 

 

7:65. and to ‘Ad (people, we sent) their brother Huud. He said: “O My people! Worship Allaah! You have no other Ilaah (God) but Him. (Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah: none has the Right to be worshipped but Allaah). Will you not fear (Allaah)?”

 

 

11:52. “And O My people! Ask Forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimeen (criminals, disbelievers In the Oneness of Allaah).”

11:53. they said: “O Huud! No evidence have you brought us, and we shall not leave our gods for your (mere) saying! And we are not believers in you.

11:54. “All that we Say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness).” He said: “I call Allaah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which You ascribe as partners In worship, –

 

 

They started to accuse Huud of being insane.

 

If you refuse one Messenger, it is as if you refuse them all because they came with the same Message.

 

26:123. ‘Ad (people) denied the Messengers.

 

The leaders said:

 

7:66. The leaders of those who disbelieved among his people said: “Verily, we see you in foolishness, and Verily, we think you are one of the liars.”

 

 

 

23:33. And the chiefs of his people, who disbelieved and denied the Meeting In the Hereafter, and to whom we had given the luxuries and comforts of This life, said: “He is no more than a human being like you, he eats of that which you eat, and drinks of what you drink.

23:34. “If you were to obey a human being like yourselves, Then Verily! You indeed would be losers.

23:35. “Does he promise you that when you have died and have become dust and bones, you shall come out alive (resurrected)?

23:36. “Far, very far is that which you are promised.

23:37. “There is nothing but our life of this world! We die and we live! And we are not going to be resurrected!

23:38. “He is only a man who has invented a lie against Allaah, but we are not going to believe in him.”

 

 

To be contined in shaa Allaah…

Jannah in Islaam #4

The Rivers of Jannah

 

(Here is) A parable of the Garden which the righteous are promised. In it are rivers of water, incorruptible; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine, delicious to those who drink; and rivers of honey, pure and clear. In it there are for them all kinds of fruits and forgiveness from their Lord. Can those in such bliss be compared to such as shall dwell forever in the Fire? Those whom shall be given boiling water to drink, it will be so hot that it cuts up their bowels to pieces.”

[Surat Muhammad, 47:15]

 

“As for the righteous, they will be in the midst of gardens and rivers, in and assembly of truth, in the presence of a Sovereign Omnipotent.”

[Surat al-Qamar, 54: 54-55]

 

Verily, Allaah will admit those who believe and do righteous deeds to gardens beneath which rivers flow. While those who reject Allaah will enjoy (this world) and eat as cattle eat. The Fire will be their abode.”

[Surah Muhammad, 47: 12]

 

Abu Hurairah [radiAllaahu ‘anhu] reported that the Prophet [sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam] said: “The Saihaan, Jaihaan, Euphrates and Nile are all among the rivers of Jannah.”

[Muslim]

 

Adapted from: http://www.jannah.org/frontpage/jannah.html

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 6)

The Concept of Revelation

 

In Arabic, revelation is called wahee (وحي). Linguistic meaning – when you speak to someone in a manner which no one else can hear. It also has the meaning, to show an ishaarah [إشارة] (indication) by a movement, usually considered to be a very quick movement. Therefore it has both meanings of quiet speech and quick movement. Has the connotations of khafaa [خفاء] (hiddenness) and sur‘ah [سرعة] (speed)

 

There are various different forms of wahee/ ilhaam [إلهام] (inspirations):

 

There is the natural inspiration that every human has, by which Allaah inspires and encourages someone to do something. For example, it is mentioned in the Qur’aan that Allaah inspired the mother of Musa. This does not mean she is a prophet of Allaah; this is not the wahee we mean regarding revelation. Rather this is the type of ilhaam.

 

28:7. And We inspired the mother of Musa (Moses), (saying): “Suckle him [Musa (Moses)], but when you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not, nor grieve. Verily! We shall bring him back to you, and shall make him one of (Our) Messengers.”

 

You can find an ilhaam which is found within animals as well, how do animals and creatures know how to live? How do bees know how to produce honey? This is all an inspiration from Allaah.

16:68. And your Lord inspired to the bee, “Take for yourself among the mountains, houses, and among the trees and [in] that which they construct.

The word wahee is also used to refer to indicating, like hand movements, by gesturing.

19:11. So he (Zakariyya) came out to his people from the prayer chamber and signaled to them to exalt [Allaah] in the morning and afternoon.

 

The meaning of awhaa [أوحى] in this instance is to gesture, to give ishaarah (indication).

 

The term wahee has also been used for the waswasa of shaytaan. And the way he beautifies and adorns sin.

 

6:121. Eat not (O believers) of that (meat) on which Allaah’s Name has not been pronounced (at the time of the slaughtering of the animal), for sure it is Fisq (a sin and disobedience of Allaah). and Certainly, the Shayâtin (devils) do inspire their friends (from mankind) to dispute with you, and if you obey them [by making Al­Maytatah (a dead animal) legal by eating it], Then you would indeed be Mushrikoon (polytheists) [because they (devils and their friends) made lawful to you to eat that which Allaah has made unlawful to eat and you obeyed them by considering it lawful to eat, and by doing so you worshipped them, and to worship others besides Allaah is polytheism].

 

 

Likewise Allaah speaks about how he interacts with the angels. He inspires them through revelation as well.

8:12. [Remember] when your Lord inspired to the angels, “I am with you, so strengthen those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieved, so strike [them] upon the necks and strike from them every fingertip.”

 

 

These are the various linguistic uses of the word wahee.

 

As for the way Allaah inspires his Prophets, how do we define this revelation?

The scholars defined the wahee given to the Prophets as being kalaamullaah al-munazzal ‘alaa nabi-in min anbiyaaihi [كلام الله المنزل على نبيين من أنبيائه]. The speech of Allaah which has been sent down to a prophet from His prophets.

 

What is the kayfiyyah [كيفية] or the mannerisms in which Allaah sends down revelation to his Prophets? Allaah inspires and gives revelation to the angels, and then there is another level of revelation which is to the prophets.

 

We need to look at how the angels receive the revelation and how the Prophets receive the revelation.

 

As for the mannerisms, the way in which Allaah reveals to the angels; then it is as follows:

  • Allaah speaks to the angels; the angels hear His voice directly. Example in the Qur’aan:

 

2:30. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth.” they said: “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, – while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above All that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You.” He (Allaah) said: “I know that which You do not know.”

 

  • Likewise the famous hadeeth of An-Nawaas bin Sam’aan which depicts the way in which Allaah speaks to the angels. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “If Allaah wants to inspire the angels to do something, he will speak with the revelation. Then the entire heavens will shake of hearing the words of Allaah. Or like thunder, out of fear from Allaah. And when the inhabitants of the heavens hear that, they will literally drop dead and they will bow down in prostration to Allaah. And the first angel who will raise his head from prostration will be Jibreel and Allaah will speak to him from the revelation of whatever he wants. Then Jibreel will pass by the various different angels, every time he passes by a different level in the heavens, the angels will ask him – they will say ‘what did our Lord say O Jibreel?’ he will say, ‘Indeed he said the truth and he is the high one and the one with perfect pride – al ‘alii al kabeer.’ Then the angels will repeat the revelation of Allaah in the quraan ‘qaaluu al haqq, wa huwa al-alii al kabeer’ (34:23). Then Jibreel will cont to pass on this revelation as far as Allaah commands him to do so.[At-Tabaraani]. This shows how Allaah clearly spoke to Jibreel, clearly spoke to the angels such that they could hear.

 

This is a huge topic which many scholars have written about in detail. This is a matter where there is a lot of deviation. With regards to the speech of Allaah, some say how can you say Allaah speaks? You are likening Him to His creation. It is this attitude that we do not accept. Rather we say Allaah spoke, it is kalaamullaah. Allaah calls the Qur’aan the speech of Allaah. As to the how and the mannerisms in which Allaah speaks, we do not know and do not ask about it and we don’t try and reflect or ponder over it. Rather we accept it the way it is.

 

  • Another way Allaah reveals revelation to the angels is through the sacred tablet – al-lawh al-mahfuudh [اللوح المحفوظ].

85:21. Nay! This is a Glorious Qur’aan,

85:22. (Inscribed) In Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuudh (the preserved Tablet)!

 

  • Allaah sent down the Qur’aan to the bayt ul-‘izza. The tablet is what Allaah commanded everything be written down on, not just revelation but everything that will occur till the end of time. Allaah also wrote down the Qur’aan on a tablet which was sent down the bayt ul-‘izza – this is a house in the lowest heaven. And from there it was sent down to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam).

 

As for the bayt al-ma’moor, this is different house, this is on the 7th heaven which is visited by 70,000 angels a day and they worship Allaah in this house. This is what is referred to in 97:1Verily We sent it down on laylat ul qadr.” Where was it sent down from? Scholars say from al lawh al mahfuudh, to bayt al ‘izza in Ramadaan. This will be covered in more detail with the tafseer of Surat al Qadr.

 

The hadeeth of An-Nawwas bin Sam’aan doesn’t mention that when Allaah spoke to Jibreel he spoke to him with Qur’aan. Rather He spoke to him of revelation, which could be of different types. So the scholars differed in regards to the nature of revelation of the Qur’aan from Allaah to Jibreel. The first opinion, which is the strongest opinion, is that Jibreel heard the Qur’aan in particular from Allaah.

 

The second opinion held by those you find affected by speculative theology, say that Jibreel memorised the Qur’aan from the sacred tablet because they try to flee from the idea that Allaah speaks and that Jibreel can hear the voice of Allaah.

 

Another interpretation is that Jibreel was inspired by Allaah with the meanings of the Qur’aan – the interpretation of the people of ‘ilm ul kalaam (speculative theology) therefore the wordings of the Qur’aan are either the wordings of Jibreel or Prophet and not the words of Allaah – this is a very weak opinion.

 

The strongest view without a shadow of a doubt is that he heard it from Allaah. Just because the Qur’aan was recorded in al lawh al mahfuudh doesn’t mean that’s how Jibreel took the Qur’aan from Allaah.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…

 

 

“O You Who Believe…” #6

The sixth time in which yaa ayyuha alladheena aamanuuO you who believe comes in the Qur’aan is in Surat Al Baqarah, verse 208.

 

 

O you who believe, enter into Islaam completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Shaytaan. (Satan) Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 208]

The next verse (verse 209) continues from the above verse, saying:

But if you deviate after clear proofs have come to you, then know that Allaah is Exalted in Might and Wise.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 209]

Entering Islam in its Entirety is Obligated

Allah commands His servants who believe in Him and have faith in His Messenger to implement all of Islam’s legislation and law, to adhere to all of its commandments, as much as they can, and to refrain from all of its prohibitions. `Al-`Awfi said that Ibn `Abbas said, and also Mujahid, Tawus, Ad-Dahhak, `Ikrimah, Qatadah, As-Suddi and Ibn Zayd said that Allah’s statement:

﴿ادْخُلُواْ فِي السِّلْمِ﴾

(Enter Silm) means Islam.

 

Allah’s statement:

﴿كَآفَّةً﴾

(…perfectly) means, in its entirety. This is the Tafsir of Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Abu Al-`Aliyah, `Ikrimah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, As-Suddi, Muqatil bin Hayyan, Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak. Mujahid said that the Ayah means, `Perform all the good works and the various pious deeds, this is especially addressed to those from among the People of the Scripture who embraced the faith.’

Ibn Abu Hatim reported that Ibn `Abbas said that:

﴿يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ادْخُلُواْ فِي السِّلْمِ كَآفَّةً﴾

(O you who believe! Enter Silm perfectly) refers to the believers among the People of the Scripture. This is because they believed in Allah, some of them still followed some parts of the Tawrah and the previous revelations. So Allah said:

﴿ادْخُلُواْ فِي السِّلْمِ كَآفَّةً﴾

(Enter Islam perfectly.) Allah thus commanded them to embrace the legislation of the religion of Muhammad in its entirety and to avoid abandoning any part of it. They should no longer adhere to the Tawrah.

 

Allah then said:

﴿وَلاَ تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَتِ الشَّيْطَـنِ﴾

(…and follow not the footsteps of Shaytan) meaning, perform the acts of worship and avoid what Satan commands you to do. This is because:

﴿إِنَّمَا يَأْمُرُكُم بِالسُّوءِ وَالْفَحْشَآءِ وَأَن تَقُولُواْ عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ ﴾

(He (Shaytan) commands you only what is evil and Fahsha’ (sinful), and that you should say about Allah what you know not.) (2:169) and:

﴿إِنَّمَا يَدْعُو حِزْبَهُ لِيَكُونُواْ مِنْ أَصْحَـبِ السَّعِيرِ﴾

(He only invites his Hizb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the blazing Fire.) (35:6) Hence, Allah said:

﴿إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ﴾

(Verily, he is to you an open enemy.)

 

Allah said:

﴿فَإِن زَلَلْتُمْ مِّن بَعْدِ مَا جَآءَتْكُمُ الْبَيِّنَـتُ﴾

(Then if you slide back after the clear signs have come to you) meaning, if you deviate from the Truth after clear proofs have been established against you,

﴿فَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ﴾

(…then know that Allah is All-Mighty) in His punishment, and no one can escape His vengeance or defeat Him.

﴿حَكِيمٌ﴾

(All-Wise) in His decisions, actions and rulings. Hence Abu Al-`Aliyah, Qatadah and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said, “He is Mighty in His vengeance, Wise in His decision.”

Taken from Tafseer Ibn Katheer

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Nuuh (‘alayhis-salaam) Part 2

Prophet Nuuh (‘alayhis salaam)

Part 2

 

 

Prophet Nuuh started to make du’aa to Allaah.

 

37:75 (In the days of old), Nuuh cried to us, and we are the best to Hear Prayer.

 

71:26 And Noah, said: “O My Lord! Leave not of the unbelievers, a single one on earth!

71:27 “For, if You leave (any of) them, they will but mislead Your servants, and they will breed none but wicked ungrateful ones.

 

After 950 years of patience, Nuuh finally made du’aa to Allaah against his people. The du’aa was received by Allaah and He instructed Nuuh to build the ark.

 

11:37. “And construct the ship under Our eyes and with Our inspiration, and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.”

 

 

As he constructed it, whenever a person from his village passed him, they would make fun of him.

 

 

11:38. and as he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a mockery of him. He said: “If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking.

11:39. “And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover Him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment.”

 

 

 

11:40. (so it was) till Then there came Our command and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). we said: “Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except him against whom the word has already gone forth, and those who believe. And none believed with him, except a few.”

 

 

When the water started coming out of the Earth and rain falling from the sky, Allaah instructed Nuuh to go into the ark and take with him the believers and his family and to carry a pair – male and female of every animal.

 

The number of believers with Nuuh goes from 7-80.

 

When he went on the ark he said Bismillaah.

 

11:41. and He [Nuuh (Noah)] said: “Embark therein; In the Name of Allaah will be its moving course and its resting anchorage. Surely, My Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Tafseer At-Tabari, Vol. 12, Page 43)

 

 

 

The waves picked up the ark and Nuuh saw his son in front of his eyes.

 

11:42. so it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Nuuh (Noah) called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), “O My son! Embark with us and be not with the disbelievers.”

 

 

His son thought in terms of Dunya and said,

 

11:43. the son replied: “I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water.” Nuuh (Noah) said: “This Day there is no saviour from the decree of Allaah except Him on whom He has mercy.” and a wave came In between them, so He (the son) was among the drowned.

 

 

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11:44. and it was said: “O earth! Swallow up Your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain).” and the water was diminished (made to subside) and the decree (of Allaah) was fulfilled (i.e. the destruction of the people of Nuuh (Noah). and it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said: “Away with the people who are Dhalimoon (polytheists and wrong-doing)!”

11:45. and Nuuh (Noah) called upon his Lord and said, “O My Lord! Verily, My son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true, and You are the Most just of the judges.”

11:46. He said: “O Nuuh (Noah)! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous, so ask not of Me that of which you have no knowledge! I admonish you, lest you be one of the ignorant.”

11:47. Nuuh (Noah) said: “O My Lord! I seek Refuge with You from asking You that of which I have no knowledge. And unless You forgive Me and have Mercy on Me, I would indeed be one of the losers.”

 

 

The story of Nuuh has been mentioned in many suwar of the Qur’aan. The longest version is in Surat Huud. It starts with ayah 25 and goes up until ayah 48.

 

11:49. This is of the news of the unseen which we reveal unto you (O Muhammad), neither you nor your people knew them before this. so be patient. Surely, the (good) end is for the Muttaqeen.

 

Ayah 49 is telling Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam). The lesson is to be patient. The ayaat revealed is leading to this meaning. Allaah closes the story of Nuuh telling Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) look at the story of Nuuh, 950 years of patience, of making da’wah and he never gave up.

To be continued with the story of the next Prophet in shaa Allaah…

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 5)

Those who specialise in the Qur’aan are from the elite of mankind.

Hadeeth in the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad – Verily, there belongs to Allaah a group of select and elite servants. The Companions (radiAllaahu ‘anhum) asked Yaa RasuulAllaah who are they? He said, They are the people of the Qur’aan, they are the people of Allaah and they are His special people.

It is for this reason that the people who learn the Qur’aan and teach it are the best of mankind – Hadeeth in Bukhaari.

He who recites the Qur’aan, he is amongst the elite of Allaah’s creation in paradise.

Hadeeth in Bukhari and MuslimVerily, the one who is sufficient in reciting the Qur’aan then he will be with the noble angels, but he who recites the Qur’aan and stumbles in its recitation – his reward is two times the reward.

Many people misunderstand this hadeeth and think that the one who finds it difficult to recite the Qur’aan will have twice the reward as the one who can (i.e. the proficient reciter)

There is a difference in saying the proficient reciter is with the angels, and saying the one who recites the Qur’aan and stutters has two rewards. It’s not that the proficient reciter gets one reward, he is with the angels. Not just any angles, the noble angels. Rather the one who stutters gets two rewards, one for reading the Qur’aan and another for his difficulty in reading the Qur’aan. Either way the person is rewarded, even those who teach it.

Hadeeth (Narrated by al-Haakim, 1/756)) – He who reads the Qur’aan, studies it and acts in accordance to it, his parents will be made to wear a crown of light on the day of judgement – the light of this crown, the brightness of it is like the brightness of the sun. And both his parents will be made to wear beautiful garments, and thy will say ‘why were we made to wear this?’ it will be said ‘by teaching your children the Qur’aan.’

This is for the parents, if that is the case then what about for the one who learns and studies the Qur’aan? What about the one who is an expert in the Qur’aan?

Hadeeth in the Mustadrak of Imam Al Haakim – (hasan li ghayrihi) accepted. There other wordings which are da’eef but this wording is hasan.

It will be said to the companion of the Qur’aan (i.e. the one who memorized the Qur’aan) read and rise and recite as you used to recite in the dunya. And read for indeed your level in paradise will be in accordance with what you were reading.”

He’ll continue to rise in the stations of paradise according to how much he’s memorized. Abu Daawud.

And this is why the scholars said that the levels of paradise are in accordance to how many ayaat there are in the Qur’aan. Over 6000. Therefore the one who memorises Qur’aan, there will be no one above him in station. This is only for the one who memorises the Qur’aan.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…