Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #1 (Part 4)

The Names and Characteristics of the Qur’aan cont..


The Qur’aan is something which is recited, and it is Al Kitaab in the sense that it is written down. As for the word mushaf, this is a word which never occurs in the Qur’aan. Neither has it been mentioned in any authentic hadeeth. Reason being because there was no mushaf in the time of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) – it was completed in the written form in the time of ‘Uthmaan (radiAllaahu ‘anhu).

As for the recital of the Qur’aan – we call it Qur’aan. The physical written copy is the mushaf. The recitation is the Qur’aan.

Allaah has given the Qur’aan many attributes; Imaam As-Suyuuti (rahimahullaah) mentions that there are about 55 descriptions of the Qur’aan. Some are names; some are attributes- sometimes it’s difficult to distinguish between the two. E.g. Allaah refers to the Qur’aan as being a hudaa (هدى) – guidance – do we say that this is a name of the Qur’aan or an attribute?

From amongst the attributes that we can mention, Allaah calls the Qur’aan a Noor (نور) – a light.

4:174. O mankind! Verily, there has come to you a convincing proof (Prophet Muhammad) from your Lord, and we sent down to you a manifest light (this Qur’aan).

Most scholars say that this light is referring to the Qur’aan. Allaah has also called the quraan a shifaa (شفاء), a cure and a rahmah (رحمة) – a mercy – all mentioned in the verse below:

10:57. O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Qur’aan, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.) in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.) for the believers.

Notice how Allaah calls the Qura’an a shifaa and not an ‘ilaaj (علاج) which means treatment/medicine. Doctors prescribe treatment and medicine; they do not prescribe cures, why? A treatment or medicine may not work. Whereas a cure can only cure, if you approach the Qur’aan correctly, it will be a guaranteed cure for you. It’s a shifaa not only in the spiritual sense, but in the physical sense as well – it cures physical elements whether related to pain or injury or related to majic or sorcery, it is also a cure for the heart from the sicknesses and diseases of this worldly life.

Allaah also calls the Qur’aan mubaarak [مبارك] (blessing), mubeen [مبين] (manifest), bushraa [بشرى] (a glad tiding), ‘azeez [عزيز] (mighty), majeed [مجيد] (majestic), some even say basheer wa nadheer [بشير ونذير] (a giver of glad tidings and a warner – also an attribute of the Prophets of Allaah).



The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) also gave it many descriptions as well. The previous hadeeth mentioned earlier,he also spoke about the virtue of the book of Allaah.

“Have glad tidings for part of this Qur’aan is in the hands of Allaah and the other part of it is in your hands, so hold on to this Qur’aan for you will never be destroyed nor will you ever be lead astray after it.”




Hadeeth in At-Tirmidhithe virtue of the speech of Allaah over all other speech is like the virtue of Allaah over his entire creation.



To be continued in shaa Allaah…

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