Archive | July 2012

“O You Who Believe…” #8

The eighth time in which yaa ayyuha alladheena aamanuuO you who believe comes in the Qur’aan is in Surat Al Baqarah, verse 264.

 

O you who believe, do not invalidate your charities with reminders or injury as does one who spends his wealth [only] to be seen by the people and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day. His example is like that of a [large] smooth stone upon which is dust and is hit by a downpour that leaves it bare. They are unable [to keep] anything of what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.”

[Surat Al Baqarah, verse 264]

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To Remind about Given Charity is Forbidden

Allah praises those who spend from their money in His cause, and then refrain from reminding those who received the charity of that fact, whether these hints take the form of words or actions.

Allah’s statement,

﴿وَلاَ أَذًى﴾

(or with injury), indicates that they do not cause harm to those whom they gave the charity to, for this harm will only annul the charity. Allah next promised them the best rewards for this good deed,

﴿لَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ﴾

(their reward is with their Lord), indicating that Allah Himself will reward them for these righteous actions. Further,

 

﴿وَلاَ خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ﴾

(On them shall be no fear) regarding the horrors of the Day of Resurrection,

﴿وَلاَ هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ﴾

(nor shall they grieve) regarding the offspring that they leave behind and the adornment and delights of this world. They will not feel sorry for this, because they will acquire what is far better for them.

Allah then said,

﴿قَوْلٌ مَّعْرُوفٌ﴾

(Kind words) meaning, compassionate words and a supplication for Muslims,

 

﴿وَمَغْفِرَةٌ﴾

(and forgiving) meaning, forgiving an injustice that took the form of actions or words,

﴿خَيْرٌ مِّن صَدَقَةٍ يَتْبَعُهَآ أَذًى﴾

(are better than Sadaqah (charity) followed by injury.)

﴿وَاللَّهُ غَنِىٌّ﴾

(And Allah is Rich) not needing His creation,

 

﴿حَلِيمٌ﴾

(Most Forbearing) forgives, releases and pardons them.

 

There are several Hadiths that prohibit reminding people of acts of charity. For instance, Muslim recorded that Abu Dharr said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«ثَلَاثَةٌ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَلَا يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِم، وَلَا يُزَكِّيهِمْ، وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ: الْمَنَّانُ بِمَا أَعْطَى، وَالْمُسْبِلُ إِزَارَهُ، وَالْمُنَفِّقُ سِلْعَتَهُ بِالْحَلِفِ الْكَاذِب»

(Three persons whom Allah shall neither speak to on the Day of Resurrection nor look at nor purify, and they shall receive a painful torment: he who reminds (the people) of what he gives away, he who lengthens his clothes below the ankles and he who swears an oath while lying, to sell his merchandise.)

This is why Allah said,

 

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تُبْطِلُواْ صَدَقَـتِكُم بِالْمَنِّ وَالاٌّذَى﴾

(O you who believe! Do not render in vain your Sadaqah (charity) by reminders of your generosity or by injury) stating that the charity will be rendered in vain if it is followed by harm or reminders. In this case, the reward of giving away charity is not sufficient enough to nullify the harm and reminders. Allah then said,

﴿كَالَّذِى يُنفِقُ مَالَهُ رِئَآءَ النَّاسِ﴾

(like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men) meaning, “Do not nullify your acts of charity by following them with reminders and harm, just like the charity of those who give it to show off to people.” The boasting person pretends to give away charity for Allah’s sake, but in reality seeks to gain people’s praise and the reputation of being kind or generous, or other material gains of this life. All the while, he does not think about Allah or gaining His pleasure and generous rewards, and this is why Allah said,

﴿وَلاَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الاٌّخِرِ﴾

(and he does not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day.)

Allah next set the example of whoever gives charity to show off. Ad-Dahhak commented that the example fits one who follows his acts of charity with reminders or harm. Allah said,

﴿فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ صَفْوَانٍ﴾

(His likeness is the likeness of Safwan) where Safwan, from is Safwanah, meaning `the smooth rocks,’

 

﴿عَلَيْهِ تُرَابٌ فَأَصَابَهُ وَابِلٌ﴾

(on which is little dust; on it falls a Wabil) meaning, heavy rain,

 

﴿فَتَرَكَهُ صَلْدًا﴾

(which leaves it bare.) This Ayah means that heavy rain left the Safwan completely barren of dust. Such is the case with Allah’s action regarding the work of those who show off, as their deeds are bound to vanish and disappear, even though people think that these deeds are as plentiful as specks of dust. So Allah said,

﴿لاَّ يَقْدِرُونَ عَلَى شَىْءٍ مِّمَّا كَسَبُواْ وَاللَّهُ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَـفِرِينَ﴾

(They are not able to do anything with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.)

Taken from Tafseer Ibn Katheer

Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #2 (Part 1)

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Tafseer of the Qur’aan

Class 2

 

 

Clearing up some issues from last week:-

  • Wahee can be in the form of Qur’aan and Hadeeth. That’s why hadeeth is considered to be a type of wahee.
  • Different ways of wahee:
    • Without an intermediary – two ways of this occurring.
      • Dreams – no Qur’aan was revealed in this way.
      • Speaking directly to Rasuulillaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) e.g. during Al Israa wal Mi’raaj. No Qur’aan revealed in this way. However, there are some reports which say that the last few verses of Surat Al Baqarah were revealed during this journey. However, many scholars say that these narrations are weak.
    • With an intermediary (through Jibreel) – three ways of this occurring (the last one being an understanding of the first).
      • The ringing of a bell – very severe and harsh for the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam).
      • Jibreel used to come in the form of a human being and the Prophet would memorise what Jibreel would say. Difference of opinion amongst the scholars – did the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) receive revelation in this way? I.e. was is Qur’aan or was it hadeeth?
      • The third type mentioned last week is not considered a type, rather it is considered to be apart of the first category.

     

How the Qur’aan Came Down in One Go.

 

1. Verily! We have sent it (this Qur’aan) down on the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)

Laylat ul-Qadr is usually translated as “The Night of Power” – this translation is very weak. Some say this night is referred to as Laylat ul-Qadr as this is the night in which the future (or the fate) of what will happen in the coming year is sent down to the angels to enact upon and to fulfil the decree of Allaah.

Others say Al Qadr – literally in the Arabic language is something of status. So it is referred to as “The Night of Nobility/The Noble Night”. This was the night in which the Qur’aan was revealed. How was it revealed? We said from Al Lawh Al Mahfuudh to Bayt Al ‘Izza, which is in the lowest heaven (i.e. the sky of the dunya).

Wisdom of this: to inform the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) of this revelation about to be sent down to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), to honour the book, to honour the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and to honour the Ummah.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…

The Lives of the Prophets: Prophet Saalih (‘alayhis-salaam)

Prophet Saalih (‘alayhis salaam)

15:80 And certainly did the companions of Thamūd deny the messengers.

15:81 And We gave them Our signs, but from them they were turning away.

15:82 And they used to carve from the mountains, houses, feeling secure.

 

 The people of Thamuud felt secure and safe from the punishment of Allaah and that these buildings will never be destroyed.

7:99 Then did they feel secure from the plan of Allaah? But no one feels secure from the plan of Allaah except the losing people.

Saalih (‘alayhis salaam) tells them,

26:146 Will you be left in what is here, secure [from death],

26:147 Within gardens and springs

26:148 And fields of crops and palm trees with softened fruit?

26:149 And you carve out of the mountains, homes, with skill.

They were great in construction. They carved out these houses in the mountains and then they would build palaces on the valleys.

But they were corrupt and Saalih’s message to them was:

7:74 And remember when He made you successors after the ‘Aad and settled you in the land, [and] you take for yourselves palaces from its plains and carve from the mountains, homes. Then remember the favors of Allaah and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.”

He was a strong, young and intelligent man. He was from a noble family, high class of society; they were preparing him to be their leader.

Saalih presented his people with the Message of Islaam. They then replied,

11:62 They said, “O Saalih, you were among us a man of promise before this. Do you forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? And indeed we are, about that to which you invite us, in disquieting doubt.”

When it comes to religion, Shaytaan tells people not to change, to stick to what they know and what their fathers have passed down onto them.

2:170 And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allaah has revealed,” they say, “Rather, we will follow that which we found our fathers doing.” Even though their fathers understood nothing, nor were they guided?

And then the people of Thamuud accused Saalih of magic,

26:153 They said, “You are only of those affected by magic.

26:154 You are but a man like ourselves, so bring a sign, if you should be of the truthful.”

Concerning the sign, the people of Thamuud were given a choice, a choice not given to any other nation.

Saalih asked them what they wanted and they said, “From this rock here, we want you to produce out of it a camel.”

Saalih asked Allaah for this and the miracle was performed. A huge she-camel came out. Saalih said to them, “This is the camel you asked for. You can drink from your water one day but the next day you have to allow the water for the camel.”

26:155 He said, “This is a she-camel. For her is a [time of] drink, and for you is a [time of] drink, [each] on a known day.

26:156 And do not touch her with harm, lest you be seized by the punishment of a terrible day.”

There were some conspiracies occurring, there were a group of 9 men from the people of Thamuud who were planning to hurt and kill the camel.

27:48 And there were in the city nine family heads causing corruption in the land and not amending [its affairs].

When they got near to the camel, they hesitated due to its size. But one of them, the most evil from them, took his sword and hit the front legs of the camel. The camel fell down. Then they attacked it with their swords and killed it.

91:11 Thamūd denied [their prophet] by reason of their transgression,

91:12 When the most wretched of them was sent forth.

91:13 And the messenger of Allaah [Şaalih] said to them, “[Do not harm] the she-camel of Allaah or [prevent her from] her drink.”

91:14 But they denied him and hamstrung her. So their Lord brought down upon them destruction for their sin and made it equal [upon all of them].

91:15 And He does not fear the consequence thereof.

They challenged Saalih, saying bring us the punishment that you promised.

7:77 So they hamstrung the she-camel and were insolent toward the command of their Lord and said, “O Saalih, bring us what you promise us, if you should be of the messengers.”

They went back and conspired at night to kill Saalih and his family, and planned to lie about doing so.

27:49 They said, “Take a mutual oath by Allaah that we will kill him by night, he and his family. Then we will say to his executor, ‘We did not witness the destruction of his family, and indeed, we are truthful.’ ”

Saalih came out and told his people, “You have three days to enjoy yourselves. This is a promise that will not be belied.”

The third came and passed and nothing happened. They joked and claimed that Saalih was a liar. They went to bed feeling secure, and in the morning.

15:83 But the shriek seized them at early morning.

The Earth under them shook. Allaah destroyed these people with sound.

11:67 And the shriek seized those who had wronged, and they became within their homes [corpses] fallen prone

11:68 As if they had never prospered therein. Unquestionably, Thamūd denied their Lord; then, away with Thamūd.

It was as if nobody was living in Thamuud.

27:50 And they planned a plan, and We planned a plan, while they perceived not.

These 9 men met in secret, but Allaah was listening to them – they tried to hide their plan from Allaah, but this cannot happen. Allaah was planning too, but His plan was hidden from them.

27:51 Then look how was the outcome of their plan – that We destroyed them and their people, all.

All of Thamuud was destroyed even though only 9 men were conspiring. This is because they knew of what has going on and they failed to stop it.

47:12 Indeed, Allaah will admit those who have believed and done righteous deeds to gardens beneath which rivers flow, but those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as grazing livestock eat, and the Fire will be a residence for them.

When they were completely destroyed, Saalih and his followers were saved by Allaah. After Thamuud was destroyed, Saalih came back to a ghost town and he spoke to the dead bodies.

7:93 And he turned away from them and said, “O my people, I had certainly conveyed to you the messages of my Lord and advised you, so how could I grieve for a disbelieving people?”

Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was travelling with an army, and they passed by the ruins of Thamuud.

Some of the Sahaaba (radiAllaahu ‘anhum) went in and took some water from the wells of Thamuud and made some bread from the water and flour that they had. And Rasuulullaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “Take the bread and feed it to the camels and throw away all the water that you brought. And do not go in there except if you are going to cry.”

To be continued in shaa Allaah with the story of the next Prophet…