Tafseer Notes: Sciences (‘Uloom) of Qur’aan #2 (Part 1)

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Tafseer of the Qur’aan

Class 2

 

 

Clearing up some issues from last week:-

  • Wahee can be in the form of Qur’aan and Hadeeth. That’s why hadeeth is considered to be a type of wahee.
  • Different ways of wahee:
    • Without an intermediary – two ways of this occurring.
      • Dreams – no Qur’aan was revealed in this way.
      • Speaking directly to Rasuulillaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) e.g. during Al Israa wal Mi’raaj. No Qur’aan revealed in this way. However, there are some reports which say that the last few verses of Surat Al Baqarah were revealed during this journey. However, many scholars say that these narrations are weak.
    • With an intermediary (through Jibreel) – three ways of this occurring (the last one being an understanding of the first).
      • The ringing of a bell – very severe and harsh for the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam).
      • Jibreel used to come in the form of a human being and the Prophet would memorise what Jibreel would say. Difference of opinion amongst the scholars – did the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) receive revelation in this way? I.e. was is Qur’aan or was it hadeeth?
      • The third type mentioned last week is not considered a type, rather it is considered to be apart of the first category.

     

How the Qur’aan Came Down in One Go.

 

1. Verily! We have sent it (this Qur’aan) down on the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)

Laylat ul-Qadr is usually translated as “The Night of Power” – this translation is very weak. Some say this night is referred to as Laylat ul-Qadr as this is the night in which the future (or the fate) of what will happen in the coming year is sent down to the angels to enact upon and to fulfil the decree of Allaah.

Others say Al Qadr – literally in the Arabic language is something of status. So it is referred to as “The Night of Nobility/The Noble Night”. This was the night in which the Qur’aan was revealed. How was it revealed? We said from Al Lawh Al Mahfuudh to Bayt Al ‘Izza, which is in the lowest heaven (i.e. the sky of the dunya).

Wisdom of this: to inform the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) of this revelation about to be sent down to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), to honour the book, to honour the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and to honour the Ummah.

To be continued in shaa Allaah…

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